1918

Article

August 13, 2022

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s years - 1960s Years: 1913 – 1914 – 1915 – 1916 – 1917 – 1918 – 1919 – 1920 – 1921 – 1922 – 1923

Events

January

January 4 - Sweden recognizes the independence of Finland. January 6 The Bolsheviks dissolve the Constituent Assembly. Czech parliamentarians in the so-called in the Epiphany declaration, they demand the unification of the Czech Republic and Slovakia based on the Czech right to self-determination. (This causes fierce protests on the part of Austria and Hungary.) January 8 - President Wilson's 14 Points. January 12 – Minister of the Interior Gábor Ugron dissolves the Galilei Kör, their files, books and cash are seized by the police. January 14 - Finland's independent statehood is accepted internationally. (His proclamation fell on December 6, 1917.) January 15 - An agreement is reached with the Ukrainian government on the withdrawal of the Czechoslovak legions from the territory of Ukraine. January 17–25 - General strike in the Monarchy. January 18 - Strikes and mass demonstrations in Galicia, Kraków and Tarnów due to the reduction of bread rations. January 19 - The Russian Federal Democratic Republic is established. January 19-20 – Strikes in Warsaw and in the Dabrowa mining area organized by the left wing of the Polish Socialist Party and the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania. January 22 – The Peace of Brest-Litovsk recognizes the independent Ukrainian People's Republic, which takes the name Hetmanate-Ukrainian State on April 29. January 31 - Battle of the Isle of May

February

February 1 - The Cattaro sailors' revolt. February 3 – The Christian Social People's Party is formed from the merger of the conservative Catholic People's Party and the National Christian Socialist Party, which advocates social reforms. February 7 - The Czechoslovak legions in Russia are treated as part of the French army by the Soviet-Russian authorities. February 9 - Decree on the nationalization of land in Soviet Russia. February 10 - Representatives of the Czechoslovak National Council (CSNT) in Russia sign an agreement with the Soviet-Russian government, which ensures the armed neutrality of the legions. February 14 – Soviet Russia switches from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar. February 18 – German attack on Soviet Russia. February 23 - The Red Army stops the German advance at Narva.

March

March 3 – Soviet Russia signs the Brest-Litovsk Peace Treaty with Germany and Austria-Hungary. March 5 - Moscow will once again be the capital of Russia. March 9 – The Soviet government moves to Moscow. March 21 - The final attack of the Germans on the western front begins, which soon collapses. March 23 - First Lieutenant Antal Boksay Vitéz performs the first Hungarian parachute jump at the Pergine airport in South Tyrol with a German-made pilot's parachute. March 25 – The Hungarian group of the Russian Communist (Bolshevik) Party is established in Moscow. March 26 – The Russian branch of the CSNT concludes an agreement with People's Commissar Stalin on the withdrawal of the Czechoslovak legions from Russia through Siberia and Vladivostok.

April

April 5 - Japanese-English intervention against Soviet Russia in Vladivostok. April 9 - The independence of Latvia is proclaimed. April 10 - Rome congress of the nationalities of the Monarchy. April 14 - Marshal Foch is commander-in-chief of the Allies. April 21 - Milan Rastislav Štefánik and Vi