1946

Article

December 7, 2021

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s years - 1990s Years: 1941 - 1942 - 1943 - 1944 - 1945 - 1946 - 1947 - 1948 - 1949 - 1950 - 1951

Events

January

January 1 - The Imperial Word is published in Japan, in which Hirohito declares that "he is not a god, but the same human being as the other Japanese," and that he intends to work with the people to rebuild the country. (He then began his visits throughout the country, coming into direct contact with the people, which was previously unthinkable. This is how the institution of the "symbolic empire" was formed.) January 2 - The so-called Sziget-street pontoon bridge is torn apart by ice in Budapest. January 3 - Law on the nationalization of large-scale industry, banks, transport and telecommunications is adopted in Poland. January 8 - Belgrade is stripped of its throne II. King Peter and the Yugoslav Republic is proclaimed. January 10 The first General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) in London begins. László Bárdossy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister sentenced to death by bullet by the People's Court, is being executed in the courtyard of the Markó Street Prison (today: the Budapest Penitentiary). January 11 - József Grassy and Márton Zöldy, responsible for the Novi Sad massacre, are sentenced to death by the People's Court. (After their release, in the fall of 1946, they were executed in Yugoslavia, as was General Ferenc Feketehalmy-Czeydner.) 12 January - Poland elected non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). January 15 - The Czechoslovak National Court, which judges members of the protectorate's government and leaders of fascist organizations, opens in Prague. January 18 - The Kossuth Bridge, the first to connect Pest with Buda, is ceremoniously opened. January 19 - The deportation of Germans from Hungary to Germany begins. January 20 In France, the government led by Charles de Gaulle is resigning. The Labor Party is formed in Slovakia, which will be transformed into a Social Democratic Party in October this year. January 24 Hungarian Prime Minister Zoltán Tildy submits a bill on the form of the republic. The UN General Assembly in London unanimously approved the placing of nuclear power under an international commission. January 25 - The first transport of Germans to be deported to the US-occupied part of Germany begins in Mariánské Lázně (formerly Marienbad) in Czechoslovakia. January 31 - The first socialist constitution is introduced in Yugoslavia. (The country is a federal people's republic of 6 member republics. Within Serbia, the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous territory of Kosovo.)

February

February 1 The National Assembly adopts Article I of the Act of 1946, the so-called “small constitution”, which has resulted in fundamental changes in Hungary from both a state law and a political point of view. (The state form ceased to be a kingdom, and the body, the National Council of State, which was essentially established for the exercise of the rights of the head of state, ceased to exist. The Hungarian National Assembly appointed Zoltán Tildy President of the Republic. The Yugoslav National Assembly approves the appointment of Josip Broz Tito as Prime Minister. February 4 Ferenc Nagy forms a government at the request of the President of the Republic, Zoltán Tildy. The National Council of People's Courts (NOT) dr. Béta Bojta's council - approves death sentence at first instance,

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