1953

Article

November 28, 2021

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s years - 2000s Years: 1948 - 1949 - 1950 - 1951 - 1952 - 1953 - 1954 - 1955 - 1956 - 1957 - 1958

Events

January 3 - Gábor Péter and his wife are arrested in the villa of Mátyás Rákosi on Lóránt Street - the head of the State Defense Authority (ÁVH) subordinate to the Council of Ministers. January 13 - Constitutional reform in Yugoslavia. (The 2 houses of the skupština so far are merged and the so-called producers' council becomes the second chamber of the parliament.) January 14 - Tito takes over the head of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. February 1 - The North Sea covers an area of ​​2,000 km² in the south-west of the Netherlands. (The flood caused the deaths of 1,835 people.) 28 February - Greek-Turkish-Yugoslav Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation. March 5 - Death of Stalin, Soviet generalism. March 14 - President of the Czechoslovak Republic Klement Gottwald dies unexpectedly. March 21 The Czechoslovak National Assembly elects Antonín Zápotocký President of the Republic. A new government is formed in Czechoslovakia with Viliam Široký in the lead. March 30 - Decree on the new Yugoslav agricultural and peasant policy. April 24 - Production begins at a new iron and metal plant in Nova Huta near Krakow. May 22 - In Yugoslavia, a maximum of peasant land ownership is transferred from 30 hectares to 10 hectares. May 29 - Sir Edmund Hillary and Norgaj Tendzing were the first to climb Mount Everest (t. 8848 m). May 30 - The Czechoslovak National Assembly adopts a law on monetary reform, which will later help to stabilize finances. June 2 - Held in London II. Queen Elizabeth of Britain's official coronation ceremony. June 8 - István Sándor, a Salesian soldier accused of anti-state activity and treason, is sentenced to death and executed by a rope. (The thirty-nine-year-old monk will be inaugurated in 2013 with the consent of Pope Francis.) June 13-16 - In Moscow - after Stalin's death - Rákosi is severely criticized for the policies of the Soviet leaders so far, his monopoly is abolished, he has to hand over the office of prime minister to Imre Nagy. June 17 - Uprising against labor standards and communists erupts in East Berlin. June 26 - The Slovak Academy of Sciences is established in Bratislava. June 27-28 - Meeting of the Central Management of the MDP. (Mátyás Rákosi exercises self-criticism, admits that he is responsible for the development of click-like leadership and lawlessness. He is elected to the Political Committee. July 2 - After the MDP KV meeting at the end of June, a new government is formed, headed by Imre Nagy, who presents his reformist program proposal to parliament. July 3 - The first climb of the Nanga Parbat (tszf. 8126 m). July 27 - A Korean ceasefire agreement is signed between the North Korean-Chinese alliance and UN forces in Panjin. August 12 - The Soviet Union detonates its first hydrogen bomb in Siberia. August 13 - Iranian Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi dismisses the charismatic Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeg, who refuses to leave and forces the ruler abroad. August 17 - Mátyás Rákosi agrees to review the case of Gyula Kállai. August 19 - First, US and British intelligence - CIA and MI6 - instigate masses, military leaders and politicians

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