1957

Article

January 27, 2022

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s years - 2000s Years: 1952 - 1953 - 1954 - 1955 - 1956 - 1957 - 1958 - 1959 - 1960 - 1961 - 1962

Events

January

January 14 - Mátyás Rákosi asks the President of the Presidential Council and the Parliament to allow him to participate in the work of the bodies. January 15 - Ferenc Münnich, Minister of the Armed Forces, who also manages the People's Army and the Interior Ministry, approves the reorganization of the Hungarian People's Army, which envisages the retention of a 62,000-strong army under the Minister's division. January 20 - In the Polish parliamentary elections - 94.19% of those entitled to vote take part and - 94.4% of the votes go to the candidates of the National Unity Front. (The Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR) obtains 91% of the seats.) January 29 - At the meeting of the Provisional Management Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers 'Party (MSZMP IIB), a party decision is made on the establishment of the Workers' Guard.

February

February 2 - In his speech in Salgótarján, János Kádár accuses Imre Nagy of inciting a counter-revolutionary uprising and calls him a traitor. February 7 - The Workers' and Peasants' Government adopts the Legislative Decree on the Establishment of the Workers' Guard and the Government Resolution governing it. February 9 - Death of Miklós Horthy in Estoril, Portugal. February 19 - Lajos Halas is appointed head of the National Command of the Workers' Guard. February 26 - The Temporary Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist People's Party decides that Mátyás Rákosi will not be able to return home to Hungary for five years.

March

March 6 - Ghana declares independence, the first of the British colonies in Africa. March 15 - The literary and political weekly Life and Literature is launched. The editor-in-chief is György Bölöni. March 20-28 - The Hungarian party and government delegation in Moscow agrees with the Soviet leadership to hold former Secretary General Mátyás Rákosi in the Soviet Union. March 21 - KISZ is formed. (Divided on April 22, 1989) March 25 The document establishing the European Economic Community is signed in Rome. In his letter to Matthias Khrushchev, Rákosi demands his complete political reactivation. March 27 - Czechoslovakia signs a treaty of friendship and cooperation with the People's Republic of China.

April

April 15 - Under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Béla Vörösmarty - partly in Kecskemét, partly in Taszár - the Flying Training Center is established. April 17 - The German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Polish government sign an agreement on cooperation in the exploration of Polish lignite deposits. April 18 - The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) approves an agreement with Hungarian party leaders on the detention of Mátyás Rákosi.

May

May 2-3 - The North Atlantic Council meets in Bonn at ministerial level and decides to step up efforts to promote German reunification through free elections. May 15 - Britain detonates its first English thermonuclear bomb on Christmas Island. May 16 - Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium is appointed Secretary General of NATO.

June

June 9 - First climb of Broad Peak (tszf. 8047 m). June 25-27 - First Congress of the Yugoslav Workers' Councils.

July

July 29 - A declaration is signed in Berlin by the French, FRG, British and Ame

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