1963

Article

May 19, 2022

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s years - 2010s Years: 1958 - 1959 - 1960 - 1961 - 1962 - 1963 - 1964 - 1965 - 1966 - 1967 - 1968

Events

March 21 - Alcatraz Prison Island is officially closed. April 5 - A hot wire is laid between the White House and the Kremlin. April 7 - The Yugoslav Federal Parliament adopts the country's second constitution, declaring Yugoslavia a federal socialist republic. April 8 - Conclusion of a Romania-China trade agreement. April 11 - XXIII. Pope John publishes a social encyclical beginning with “Pacem in terris” (Peace on Earth) on peace and human rights. May 29-30 - The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CSKP) decides on the adjustment of economic policy, reviewing some voluntarist decisions. June 23 - US President John Fitzgerald Kennedy states, "I'm in Berlin!" June 30 - Petar Stambolić, the first prime minister after Tito in Yugoslavia. July 15-25 - The United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union sign a treaty banning nuclear explosions in the atmosphere, outer space and underwater. July 16 - Europe's first water stage is inaugurated in Balatonfüred. July 26 - Earthquake in Skopje, Yugoslavia, with severe damage. (80% of the Macedonian capital is falling apart.) 5 August - Signing of the Soviet-British-American Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Tests in the Atmosphere, Outer Space and Underwater in Moscow. August 20 - Aporliget in Szabolcs-Szatmár County will be connected to the national electricity network, thus the electrification of Hungary will be completed after seventy-nine years, and the electricity supply will be available in all settlements. August 22 - The central newspaper of the CSKP, the Rudé právo, publishes information on the political trials of the period 1949-54. August 28 - Martin Luther King tells me I have a dream… beginning speech. September 9-12 - János Kádár in Yugoslavia. September 18-22 - Visit of Josip Broz Tito to the USA. September 20 - In Czechoslovakia, the exponent of Stalinist politics, Viliam Široký, is replaced by his successor, Jozef Lenár. October 10 - A treaty banning nuclear explosion experiments enters into force. October 22-23 - During the exercise under the pseudonym "Big Lift", 14,500 US troops are transported by plane from the US to the FRG to demonstrate the ability of the United States to rapidly reinforce NATO forces in Europe in an emergency. November 22 Assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the United States, in Dallas, Texas. (According to the official version, he was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald.) Lyndon B. Johnson takes over the presidency of the United States. November 24 Lyndon B. Johnson states in a statement that he will continue to provide military and economic assistance to South Vietnam The world's first live live television murder when Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald. Nov. 25 - Jacqueline Kennedy ignites the flame of John F. Kennedy's everlasting candle at the President's funeral. November 30 - The first pedestrian underpass at the Astoria is handed over in Budapest. December 12 - Kenya gains independence from the United Kingdom. December 18-19 - CSKP CB reviews theses on “bourgeois nationalism” in Slovakia, but not in