1988

Article

May 19, 2022

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s - 2010s - 2020s years - 2030s Years: 1983 - 1984 - 1985 - 1986 - 1987 - 1988 - 1989 - 1990 - 1991 - 1992 - 1993

Events

January

January 1 - The laws on general tax and personal income tax come into force in Hungary. 22 January - The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and France establish the Joint Security Council. the two governments also sign a treaty to form a Franco-German brigade.

February

February 27 Iraqi Air Force planes deal a blow to the Rey oil refinery in Tehran, although they cannot destroy it, but they cause serious damage to the facility. In response to the attack on the Rey oil refinery, Iran fires three Scud missiles at Baghdad, resuming an “urban war”. February 28-29 in Sumgait (now Sumqayit, Azerbaijan) in the Soviet Union, a bloody pogrom with 32 deaths is taking place against the local Armenian population. The incident is considered one of the first triggers of the Nagorno-Karabakh war. Feb. 29 - Iraq fires five long-range Al-Hussein missiles at Tehran, and the missile attacks are repeated day after day.

March

March 2-3 - North Atlantic Council summit in Brussels. March 15 - Opposition demonstrations for 10,000 people in Budapest. March 18 - The Peasant Association, the legal predecessor of the Slovenian People's Party, is formed in Slovenia. March 25 - Police disperse a crowd protesting the rights of believers in Bratislava, arresting 125 people. The movement, known as the “candle demonstration,” is being organized in support of a petition demanding religious freedom by a growing and stronger Catholic opposition. March 30 - The Alliance of Young Democrats (Fidesz) is formed.

April

April 3 - Native-language place names are “exiled” from publications of minorities living in Romania. April 9 - Mihály Bihari, Zoltán Bíró, Zoltán Király and László Lengyel are expelled from the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party. April 14 - Representatives of Afghanistan and the Soviet Union sign the Geneva Agreement governing the end of the war in Afghanistan and the withdrawal of Soviet forces.

May

May 1 - The Network of Free Initiatives is established. May 15 The withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan begins. Raif Dizdarević replaces Lazar Mojsov as President of Yugoslavia. May 20-22 - National meeting of the Hungarian Socialist People's Party. (Replacement of János Kádár, election of Károly Grósz as Secretary General.) May 27 - Yugoslav leadership coordinates economic program with International Monetary Fund. May 29 - According to the four-day national conference of the Association of Yugoslav Communists (JKSZ), the party must reject demands for a multi-party system. (The conference will end on June 1.) May 30 - Gorbachev and Reagan meet in Moscow but fail to agree to end the Star Wars program.

June

June 9-10 - The first ministerial meeting of the North Atlantic Council is held in Madrid. June 11 - The Paris Club contributes to the deferral of Yugoslavia's $ 1 billion debt repayment. June 16 - On the 30th anniversary of the execution of former Prime Minister Imre Nagy, the symbolic tomb of Imre Nagy and his fellow martyrs is inaugurated in the Père-Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. In Hungary, independent groups commemorate the Batthyány Eternal Torch, a mass of about 200 people.