1989

Article

May 21, 2022

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s - 2010s - 2020s years - 2030s Years: 1984 - 1985 - 1986 - 1987 - 1988 - 1989 - 1990 - 1991 - 1992 - 1993 - 1994

Events

January

1st of January. Unemployment benefits are introduced in Hungary. In Yugoslavia, a new company law enters into force, effectively repealing the 1976 law on associated work. January 7 - Japanese emperor Hirohito, the country's new ruler Akihito, dies after months of fighting cancer. (Akihito relinquishes the throne in the spring of 2019 in favor of his son Naruhito.) January 7-11 - An international conference on chemical weapons is being held in Paris with 149 countries. January 9 - The Hungarian Social Democratic Party is re-formed. January 10 - Statement by Károly Grósz, Secretary General of the Hungarian Socialist People's Party, that the partial withdrawal of Soviet troops from Hungary will begin within weeks, but "we will continue to participate in the organization of the Warsaw Pact". January 11 - The Slovenian Democratic Alliance holds its inaugural meeting in Ljubljana. (Declares that the situation in Slovenia within Yugoslavia is unsatisfactory and that fundamental human and political rights are being violated in Yugoslavia.) January 15-19 - Spontaneous mass demonstrations in central Prague on the 20th anniversary of Jan Palach's death. (With the exception of January 18, Czechoslovak police brutally disperse protesters in all cases, and many are detained, including Vaclav Havel on January 16.) January 18 In Estonia, the national language is declared the official language. Mikhail Gorbachev provides further details on the planned cuts in the Soviet armed forces, to which he referred in a speech to the United Nations on December 7, 1988. It announces cuts in Soviet defense spending by 14.2% and production of arms and military equipment by 19.5%. January 20 - George 41. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States, elected in November last year, takes office. January 24 - Theodore Robert Bundy ("Ted Bundy") is executed in the United States. January 25 - The timetable for the withdrawal of the Soviet Southern Army Group "temporarily stationed in Hungary" is completed. (According to the plan, a Soviet tank division and a training tank regiment will leave home in Veszprém in the first half of the year. .) January 26 - 692 representatives of Czechoslovak intellectual life protest to Prime Minister Ladislav Adamec's imprisonment of Václav Havel, demanding an open dialogue between the country's leadership and society. January 28 - Imre Pozsgay, a member of the Political Committee of the Hungarian Socialist People's Party, called the 1956 revolution an uprising in an interview with the Morning Chronicle (Hungarian Radio, József Orosz).

February

February 4 - The Hungarian Maltese Charity Service is established. February 5 - The Soviet army leaves Afghanistan permanently. February 11 - The Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party approves the "gradual and continuous" transition to a multi-party political system. Feb. 14 - Ayatollah Komeini, Iran's religious leader, announces on Tehran radio that he will be charged with killing Salman Rushdie, a British writer of Indian descent. (The religious resolution called on Muslims around the world to v