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The first day of 2012 (MMXII) fell on a Sunday according to the Gregorian calendar. Our time is 2012, the 3rd millennium and the 12th century, the 3rd year of 2010.
1st of January.
Hungary's new constitution enters into force. The official name of the Hungarian state changes from the Republic of Hungary to Hungary. The Magyar Nemzeti Bank issues new Hungarian coins with the inscription “HUNGARY”. (The new issue affects 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 forint coins.)
The new suffrage law enters into force. (The law sets the number of members of parliament at 199, the mixed election system will be a one-round, there will be no success threshold - so the candidate who receives the most valid votes, regardless of the number of those present, will have a seat, and the current 176 individual votes. will be 106 in the future instead of the constituency and the territorial lists will be abolished.)
The two Military Intelligence Services, the Military Intelligence Service and the Military Security Office, will continue to work under the name of the Military National Security Service (KNBSZ), integrated into a single organization to ensure their more efficient performance. The general director of the organization, the former head of the Military Intelligence Office, is Lieutenant General József Kovács.
The protocol guarding of the Sándor Palace, which is home to the Office of the President of the Republic, is carried out by the personnel of the Honvéd Palace Guard, which is subordinate to the National Defense Forces Brigade of the Hungarian Armed Forces.
As part of the Semmelweis program for the complete structural reorganization of Hungarian healthcare, which was given the green light on 27 June 2011, the hospitals of the capital and county municipalities will become state-owned.
The Office of the Commissioner for Fundamental Rights, headed by Máté Szabó, will start operating as the legal successor to the Office of the Parliamentary Commissioner.
Denmark will hold the Presidency of the Council of the European Union (until 30 June 2012).
January 11 - The HVG website reports that the 1992 doctoral dissertation of Pál Schmitt, President of the Republic of Hungary, largely coincides with the text of the study by Bulgarian sports historian Nikolaj Georgiev and parts of Klaus Heinemann's study. (Read more: Pál Schmitt's plagiarism case.)
On the island of Giglio, with 4,200 passengers, an Italian luxury ship called the Costa Concordia runs aboard. (Italian bodies have identified 17 corpses, including the Hungarian violinist Sándor Fehér, and 15 people are listed as missing.)
A Russian warship is transporting nearly 30 to 60 tons of ammunition to the Syrian port of Tartus, despite international protests.
Anti-government protests are beginning in Romania. (Initially, it was peaceful, but later escalated into violence and protesters clashed with policemen, killing 60 people, including 10 gendarmes.)
January 13-22 - The Winter Youth Olympic Games are being held in Innsbruck, Austria for the first time.
January 17 - A Tuareg uprising erupts in northern Mali.
January 21 - Demonstration in support of the Hungarian government - about half a million - in Budapest, in rural towns and abroad.
January 22 - Referendum in Croatia, where two-thirds of voters supported their country's 2013 accession to the EU.
January 24 - Actor István Sztankay