2022 presidential election in Hungary
The eighth presidential election after the change of regime will be held in Hungary on March 10, 2022. In order for a person to become an official candidate for President of the Republic, a written recommendation of at least forty members of the National Assembly is required under the Basic Law.
2022 will be the third head of state election held under Articles 10-11 of the Basic Law. At the time of the election, the nomination of the President of the Republic required the recommendation of one-fifth of the deputies (40 deputies). Voting could be with one or more candidates. (The Basic Law limits the number of starting candidates to a maximum of four with a recommendation limit of 40.)
The presidential election consisted of a minimum of one and a maximum of two rounds, with two consecutive days available for election. The vote was secret, with MPs casting their ballots on ballot papers. In the first round, he was able to become the candidate for President of the Republic by obtaining two-thirds of the vote. In the second round, only the two candidates with the most votes could take part in the first round, and a majority of the voting members was required to win the presidency.
János Áder was elected President of the Republic for the second time on 13 March 2017, with effect from 10 May 2017. According to the Basic Law, "the President of the Republic shall be elected at least thirty and not more than sixty days before the expiry of the term of office of the former President of the Republic". Áder's five-year term expires on May 9, 2022, so in the 30-60 days before that, Parliament must elect a new head of state.
According to the Basic Law, "The President of the Republic may be re-elected to this office no more than once." János Áder, the incumbent head of state, cannot be re-elected.
Nomination of Gyula Popély
On September 30, 2021, the opposition Our Country Movement nominated Gyula Popély, a Hungarian historian from Slovakia.
Nomination of Katalin Novák
In October 2020, speculation about the identity of the new president began. As János Áder could not be re-nominated after his second term and the governing Fidesz-KDNP party alliance had a majority in parliament, it was clear that the future pro-government candidate would be elected. Prior to the nomination of Katalin Novák, Minister without Portfolio for Families, László Trócsányi, lawyer, former Minister of Justice, Member of the European Parliament, Miklós Maróth, classical philologist, orientalist, János Csák, former ambassador to London and László Kövér . On 21 December 2021, the President of Fidesz, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, announced that Katalin Novák, Minister without Portfolio for Families, would be appointed President of the Republic.
As the current head of state, János Áder, cannot be re-nominated for the post of president in both the opposition and pro-government press, the names of several people have changed as potential candidates for head of state.
László Trócsányi, Hungarian jurist, lawyer, diplomat, university professor. Minister of Justice from 2014 to 2019. Member of the European Parliament from 2 July 2019.
Miklós Maróth, Hungarian classical philologist, Orientalist, university professor and vice-president of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, awarded the Széchenyi Prize (2008-2014). Dean of the Faculty of Arts of the Péter Pázmány Catholic University (1992-1999) President of the Eötvös Loránd Research Network since 2019.
János Csák, businessman, honorary university professor