2022 Hungarian parliamentary elections

Article

January 27, 2022

The 2022 parliamentary elections in Hungary will be the ninth general parliamentary election in Hungary on April 3, 2022, since the change of regime. A referendum will be held at the same time as the election.

Election system

Date of election

According to Hungary's constitution, the election will take place in April or May of the fourth year following the election of the previous Parliament. The specific date shall be set by the President of the Republic at least 72 days before the vote is held. Voting day may not be a public holiday or public holiday (eg 1 May) or the day before or after it, nor may it be Easter Sunday or Pentecost. The Hungarian elections must be held on Sundays. The election was set for April 3, 2022, in a statement issued by President János Áder on 11 January.

The election system

In Hungary, the election of members of parliament is based on the 2011 CCIII. regulated by law. The election is one-round. The number of members of the National Assembly is 199, the electoral system is mixed: 106 members are elected by a relative majority in the individual constituency (OEVK), and 93 members are elected to parliament on a party or national list, supplementing the number of votes with fractional votes. Fractional votes are votes that did not have a seat in the individual district (votes of losers) as well as “unnecessary” votes of the winner that were not needed to win. Candidates who ran as independent or were nominated by a party that did not set a national list, or set but did not reach the parliamentary threshold, their votes cannot be used as a fractional vote. Thus, if such a candidate wins, the “unnecessary” votes no longer required to win are lost, while if he loses, all the votes cast for him are lost.

Election of individual representatives

To become an individual constituency candidate, 500 signatures must be collected under election laws. A voter may nominate more than one candidate. A representative is elected in each individual constituency and the candidate will be the representative who receives the most votes (relative majority voting). The losing candidates, as well as the votes of the winning candidate not required to win, will count as a fraction of the vote and will be added to the list vote.

Allocation of list mandates

A national list can be drawn up by a party that has individual candidates in 71 constituencies, but in at least 14 counties and Budapest. In order to establish a list of nationalities, the recommendations of 1% of voters registered in the register of nationalities, but not more than 1,500 people, must be collected. Nationality voters can choose not to vote for a party list but for their nationality list. The votes of the nationality lists are also taken into account when allocating seats. Hungarians living abroad who do not have an address in Hungary can also vote for the party list. Allocation of seats: the list votes must be added together, if a nationality has obtained all the national list votes / 93 / 4 {\ displaystyle / 93/4} receive a preferential mandate, the number of seats obtained by nationalities shall be deducted from the number of seats available on the list, seats should be allocated between parties reaching 5% (10% for double lists, 15% for triples or more) and nationalities reaching 5%, for the votes of the parties the fractional votes ho

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