Memorial Day for Hungarian political prisoners and forced laborers deported to the Soviet Union

Article

November 27, 2021

On May 21, 2012, the Hungarian Parliament declared November 25 a day of remembrance for Hungarian political prisoners and forced laborers deported to the Soviet Union. This day was chosen because in 1953 the first group of prisoners released from the Gulag camps returned to Hungary on this day. Most of the civilians imprisoned in Hungary for “little work” were taken away by the Soviet armed forces, while a small number were taken internally by the Soviet armed forces.

The parliamentary resolution

The resolution, adopted on the proposal of Erzsébet Menczer, President of the Association of Hungarian Political Prisoners and Forced Workers in the Soviet Union (Szakakész), states that Parliament With the resolution, the National Assembly calls on the central state administration bodies, educational institutions, churches, non-governmental organizations, as well as the public service media and local governments to commemorate those deported to the Soviet Union.

Commemorations

In 2012, the Pécs-Baranya Nationality Association of the Germans in Hungary organized a three-day event in Pécs. , a commemoration was held at the Gulag Monument in Honvéd Square. Secretary of State Monika Balatoni and historian Miklós Kun spoke at the event. Erzsébet Menczer drew attention to the fact that “not only the Nazi and fascist dictatorships were oppressive, cruel, but also the Communist.” at the railway station, at the place of wagoning. At the ceremony, Csaba Latorcai, Deputy Secretary of State for Special Social Affairs, announced that the government would declare 2015 the year of the memory of political prisoners and forced laborers deported to the Soviet Union. The ice statue commemorating the victims is actually an ice wall several meters high into which a robbery has been frozen. The ice refers to the inhumane conditions of the Gulag and the prohibition of remembrance, the wall and the chain to confinement, to slavery. The unusual installation is complemented by a portrait gallery, which presents portraits and recollections of five Gulag survivors (Róza Hartmanné Nagy Klára, Iván Fekete, Árpád Galgóczy, Károly Miklósi and Ottó Koós) on two-sided, rotatable graphic surfaces, as well as a historical summary.

Notes

Resources

41/2012. (V. 25.) OGY decision - CompLex library Parliament has voted a new day of remembrance - HVG

More information

"Malenkij Robot" Memorial Committee Today is Remembrance Day for those deported to the Soviet Union - Past

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