Literature of the Bulgarian rebirth

Article

October 17, 2021

The literature of the Bulgarian rebirth began in 1762 with the publication of Paiszi Hilendarski's István Slavyanobolgarskaya ("Slavic-Bulgarian History"), which focused on patriotism and lasted until 1878, liberation from Ottoman oppression. The era can be further divided into the literature of the Enlightenment, Romanticism, a transitional period between Romanticism and realism, and finally, in the last period, realist works were already characteristic. During the Enlightenment, Bulgarian language education, science and public life were born. It was then that the creator of Bulgarian secular prose, Sofronij Vrachanski, was working, and it was at this time that the first Bulgarian textbook, Riben bukvar, was published, and the first Bulgarian-language newspapers also began to be published. The development of education has become the heart of many intellectuals who have studied abroad. The Enlightenment was followed by a period of Romanticism aimed at using the language of the people in literature. It was then that the first significant, experimental poets, such as Najden Gerov, Petko Slavejkov and Dobri Csintulov, were created. The genre of ballad, narrative poem and lyrical poem appears in Bulgarian poetry. In the second half of the 19th century, in the sixties and seventies, a kind of transition period developed between romance and realism. They present the first Bulgarian dramas, booming theatrical life. The first theatrical personality to be highlighted in this age was Dobri Vojnikov, whose most beloved work, Krivorazbranata civilizacija, set a curved mirror for society. There is also the first original Bulgarian narrative, from the pen of Nescsasztna familija, Vasil Drumev, which presents the suffering of the people with romantic exaggerations. Bulgarian literary realism developed under the influence of Russian realism, beginning with the narratives of Lyuben Karavelov. During this period, the genres of narration, short novel, and novel become common. In addition to Karavelov, Ivan Vazov and Aleko Konstantinov are also important prose writers of the era. It was then that he created the Bulgarian Petofi, Hriszto Botev, who is considered one of the greatest poets in his homeland. The era of realism came to an end with the appearance of the Misal Circle. Historical background During the oppression of the Ottoman Empire, Bulgarian literary life almost ceased to exist, with only a few monasteries copying and writing books. The rebirth movement has brought salvation to the battered Bulgarian people, who have been hit by many taxes. The rebirth in Bulgarian vazrazsdane (възраждане) is technically a translation of the renaissance (rinascimento), but it does not correspond to the renaissance in Western Europe, because the focus is not on man, but on the idea of ​​nationalism, the to be likened to the Renaissance. The period of Bulgarian rebirth began in 1762 and lasted until 1878, until liberation from Turkish rule. In 1762, Paiszi Hilendarszki's (Паисий Хилендарски, 1721–1772) Istria's Slavyanobolgarskaya (Истори́ѧ славѣноболгарскаѧ. Hilendarski got his name from the monastery where he lived as a monk, here because of the national feelings of his Greek and Serbian fellow monks, he decided to put Bulgarian history on paper to awaken patriotism in the people and not be ashamed of their nationality. He did a lot of research, travel, and collected legends for his work. The completed work was not only born in the language of the people, but also drew attention to the fact that the Bulgarian people were in danger of being Greekized. The first work of the new Bulgarian literature

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