August 14, 2022

Al-Qaeda (Arabic: al-Qaida, al-Qāʿida) is a radical Islamist terrorist organization founded and led by Osama bin Laden until his death.


The word al-Qaida is of Arabic origin, a noun formed from the verb kaada (qaʿada - قعد) meaning "to sit", formally a feminine continuous participle. Since feminine figures can also express a plural number, it means "seated". However, the word form also functions as an independent noun, meaning here: "base".

Organizational Structure and Membership

The organization and its activities

What makes al-Qaeda particularly dangerous is the fact that it consists of loosely connected, relatively independent organizations with a solid financial background and are difficult to detect. It is structured as a franchise. He is held responsible for a number of very serious assassinations. These include, for example, the 1993 bombing of the New York World Trade Center, the 1998 bombing of the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania (225 dead, hundreds injured), the plane attack on the New York World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001 (several thousand dead and wounded), and according to assumptions, al-Qaeda was also involved in the series of bombings in Madrid on March 11, 2004.


1988–2011: Osama bin Laden 2011–2022: Ayman al-Zavahiri


It was created by a wealthy Saudi Arabian businessman, Osama bin Laden, in 1988 from veterans who fought against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. It is believed to be present in 50-60 countries around the world through its sleeper agents. The goal of al-Qaeda, which is based on an extreme Islamist ideology, is primarily the weakening and destruction of the United States, but also of the Western world and Israel in general, as well as pro-Western Islamic countries. During its existence, it trained thousands of terrorists, mainly in camps in Afghanistan. From 1979, Osama bin Laden himself took part in the battles in Afghanistan and organized the resistance against the Soviets on behalf of the CIA. [source?] Later he effectively supported the Taliban.

September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the US response

On September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda hijacked 4 passenger airliners. Two planes crashed into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center (WTC), and one crashed into the Pentagon. The fourth plane crashed in Pennsylvania after its passengers prevented the hijackers from directing it to the Capitol. The World Trade Center was destroyed, and a new building named One World Trade Center was built in its place. Buildings 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 of the World Trade Center were demolished, and buildings 3, 4, 5, 7 of the World Trade Center were rebuilt in their place. In August 2010, the CIA reported to US President Barack Obama that they had presumably tracked down Osama bin Laden. According to intelligence reports, he was holed up in a facility in Pakistan. They planned the action, watched his hideout for days, and then Obama gave permission to liquidate the target. On May 1, 2011, he was attacked at night in his hiding place, and then the Navy Seal unit managed to kill him.

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