July 5, 2022

The literal meaning of bibliography is bookkeeping. The original Greek meaning is the actual writing, description, copying of the book. Today's reports: register and organizing list of written works (manuscript, book, magazine or other form); discipline, the subject of which is the compilation, selection, evaluation and distribution of the list of written works. The Institut International de Bibliographie, founded in Brussels in 1895, deals with the general and scientific organization of book work (it changed its name to FID, Fédération International de Documentation in 1938).

Origin of bibliographies

The organizing list of bibliography documents. By using bibliographies, we can find out what books, articles, and studies have been published on a certain topic, what works of a particular author have been published, and what articles and studies have been published in journals. Catalogs, which are related to bibliographies, on the other hand, let us know whether a specific document is available in the library, or whether we can find documents on a certain topic there. Documents are included in the bibliographies based on some common feature. This property can be the topic, type, place and time of publication of the documents. The bibliographies list the documents in an organized form. The organizing principle can be alphabetical, technical, chronological, or anything else that is appropriate from the point of view of use. In most cases, it is supplemented by a name index, subject index, or title index, with the help of which the individual items can be retrieved. These are summarized in Old Hungarian Prints (edited by Borsa Gedeon and Ferenc Hervay. I. 1473-1600 [Budapest, 1971], II. 1601-1635 [Budapest, 1983]) The work of Hungarian researchers, especially in the case of old publications, is also supported by foreign bibliographies. Examples include Christian Gottlieb Jöcher, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon (Leipzig I-IV. 1750-1751; addition 1897) and Jacques-Charles Brunet, Manuel du libraire et de l'amateur de livres (I-IX. 1810-1860; new edition Copenhagen 1966-1968) bibliography. In Hungary, printed materials published before 1711 are taken into account in Károly Szabó's national bibliography entitled Old Hungarian Library (Budapest, I-III. 1879-1898). Supplement to this is Hiador Sztripszky: Additions to Károly Szabó Régi Magyar Könyvtár c. I-II of his work. for his volume (Budapest, 1912). The Hungarian and Hungarian-related literature published after 1711 was collected mainly by Géza Petrik, and to a lesser extent by Sándor Kiszlingstein and Sándor Kozocsa: Petrik Géza: Magyarország bibliógrafiaja 1712-1860 (Budapest I-IV. 1888-1892), Hungarian book literature 1860-1875 (Budapest 1885 ), Hungarian Bookkeeping 1886-1900 (Budapest II. 1885), Géza Petrik - Imre Barna: Hungarian Bookkeeping 1911-1920 (Budapest I-II. 1939-1942); Sándor Kiszlingstein: Hungarian library 1876-1885 (Budapest 1890). An entire working community is now working on new editions of the bibliography of old Hungarian publications. Such a bibliography is, for example, Old Hungarian Prints 1473-1600 (Budapest, 1971). Starting in January 1946, the National Széchényi Library published a list of books published in our days under the title of Hungarian National Bibliography in booklets published monthly, later biweekly. From 1961, this was supplemented by the Repertory of Hungarian Periodicals.

Main types of bibliographies

There are universal, national and specialist bibliographies. Universal bibliographies take into account the printed books and other publications of the entire world or a continent, national bibliographies a country, specialist bibliographies one