May 19, 2022
The British Empire was the sum of the territories under the rule of England and then the United Kingdom. This included the colonies, dominions, protectorates, puppet states, and other areas of the country. It was the largest colonial empire ever on Earth, with a population and economic power. Its formation began in the age of great geographical discoveries, in the 16th century, when, in addition to Spain and Portugal, England took part in the colonization of the newly discovered territories and the race to rule the seas. In its heyday, in the first half of the 20th century, the British Empire had about 458 million subjects, a quarter of the world's population. It accounted for approximately 36.6 million km² of the total land area. (e.g. cricket, football) and English. The inhuman treatment of the natives of the colonies was also the subject of serious criticism of the empire. where it was day and the sun was shining. However, as the perceptions of the colonizers changed over time, the meaning of the sentence became more and more: God does not leave the British in the dark. The gross value of the investment was £ 3.8 billion, twice that of France and three times that of Germany overseas. The decline of the empire can be attributed to several major historical events. One of the first major losses was during the American Revolutionary War, as the thirteen British-American colonies under British rule gained independence and a major new counterpoint emerged in the game of world power. up his great power energies. In the First World War, the British Crown emerged victorious from the struggle with the German Empire, but was weakened by the significant losses it suffered. And in World War II, the empire almost sacrificed itself to stop the ambitions of the great powers of Germany, Japan, and Italy. After World War II, most of the territory of the empire became independent. Two years after the end of the war, the most populous and valuable colony, India, gained its independence. The states under the British Crown first established the British Commonwealth of Nations, and later the Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth of 53 Sovereign States, which has existed since 1948, operates on a completely different basis, but is still a successor to the British Empire. The last time the empire returned to Chinese rule was in 1997, Hong Kong. In the British Commonwealth, 16 countries are Commonwealth kingdoms, of which II. Queen Elizabeth of Britain, and in fact the British Crown, remained an area of fourteen overseas.