Budapest

Article

January 27, 2022

Budapest is the capital of Hungary and the largest and most populous city in the European Union. Budapest is the political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transport center of the country. It is also the seat of Pest county, but not part of it. Its registered population in 2017 exceeded 1.7 (including 2.5) million people. The city had the largest population in 1989, with a population of 2.1 million at the time, and remained the country's most populous city after subsequent suburbanization. The area of ​​the city is 525.14 square kilometers, and in this respect it is also the first among the settlements of the country. The history of Budapest dates back to the Celts, as the city was originally a Celtic settlement. Created by the Romans, Aquincum on the right bank of the Danubius River and Contra-Aquincum on the left bank were the seat of the province of Pannonia Inferior. The Hungarians came to this area in the 9th century. The first settlement they established was completely looted and destroyed by the Mongols between 1241 and 1242 during the Tartar invasion. In the 15th century, the restored city became the center of Renaissance humanism in Hungary. After that, one hundred and fifty years of Turkish occupation became his destiny, and only in the 18th and 19th centuries. It was enhanced by the fact that, after the compromise, Vienna was the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Buda, Pest and Óbuda were united in 1873, when Budapest was established. It was during this time that the city’s most famous buildings were built, and it was then that it grew into a world city. In 1950, new neighboring settlements were added to it. There are several World Heritage Sites in Budapest, including the view of the Danube bank, the Buda Castle District, Andrássy Avenue, Heroes' Square and the Millennium Underground Railway, the world's first electric and Europe's second underground railway after London. The city's Danube bridges and spas are also important for tourism, as Budapest is the capital with the most spas in the world. There is also the world's largest thermal water cave system, the largest synagogue in Europe (Dohány utca) and the Hungarian Parliament, the third largest parliamentary building in the world.

Origin of the name

Pest and Buda, the capital and capital of Hungary, have only been mentioned together since the reform era, under their common names. The more common form was Pest-Buda, which placed the name of the larger (and more important from the national point of view) city, but the Buda-Pest figure, which better fits the Hungarian language and avoided consonant congestion, also rarely appeared. This version of the name comes from the work of Count István Széchenyi in 1831 entitled Világ. When the cities were united, in 1873, the name Budapest was chosen for the new headquarters and capital with obvious naturalness. The name Buda denoted a Roman settlement built on the site of the ancient Aquincum in the early Árpádian period, which was referred to as Ó-Buda only after the Tartar invasion, after the construction of the Buda castle called Újbuda. According to our medieval chronicles, the town got its name from the brother of King Attila the Hun, but it is probably only true that the origin of the name may have been a personal name (there are people named Buda in medieval sources). Another unverifiable hypothesis is that the origin of the city name may be the Slavic voda ("water"), just as the final source of the ancient Latin name Aquincum may have been a Celtic word with a water-related meaning. -Aquincum's name in Ptolemy's "Geographiké Hypégészis" (Introduction to Earth Mapping) in the 2nd century is called Pession (Πέσ

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