Denmark

Article

November 28, 2021

Denmark (Danish: Danmark), or officially the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The country is located on the Jutland Peninsula, as well as more than 400 smaller and larger islands (of which only 76 are inhabited) in the North and Baltic Seas. It has a land border with Germany in the south and Norway in the north and Sweden in the east. The Kingdom of Denmark comprises the two autonomous territories of the Atlantic Ocean, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Denmark covers an area of ​​43,094 square kilometers, making it the 133rd largest country in the world and the 22nd largest in the European Union, and the smallest state in Northern Europe. As one of the oldest kingdoms in the world, Denmark has been a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy since June 5, 1849, replacing the system of absolute monarchy. Its current ruler and head of state II. Queen Margaret. The government and the national parliament, the Folketing, meet in the country's largest city, Copenhagen (Danish: København), which is also the most important commercial center in Denmark. Other larger settlements are Aarhus, Odense, Aalborg and Esbjerg. The country has been a member of the European Union and the Schengen area since 1973, as well as a member of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, the OSCE and the United Nations. The country’s population benefits from the Scandinavian social system, which finances social security, health services and education for its citizens. Like the Scandinavian countries, Denmark ranks high in a number of international surveys on education, human development, freedoms and equality. It ranks first in terms of income equality and has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world and is often ranked as the happiest country in the world. According to a 2008 survey, next to New Zealand, corruption is the lowest in the world.

Geography

See also Geography of Denmark and Geography of Greenland and the Faroe Islands Denmark is located in northern Europe, on the peninsula called Jutland and another 443 islands, of which only 76 are inhabited. The three largest islands are Zealand, Fyn and Bornholm. The smaller and larger islands are predominantly located in the Baltic Sea, while the western North Sea coast is more water-free. The larger islands are connected to the mainland by bridges, such as the Øresund Bridge, which connects Sweden with the island of Zealand via the Öresund Strait. In addition to the bridges, the islands are also connected by ferries or small planes. On the mainland, 68 kilometers of land northeast of Sweden and Norway to the north are also considered to be neighboring countries. The country is largely flat, with no significant outcrops. Its highest point is Yding Skovhøj (172.54 m), its highest natural elevation is Møllehøj (170.86 m), the average altitude is 31 m. The highest point of Greenland under Danish rule is Mount Gunnbjorn, 3700 m high. Its deepest point (Lammefjord) is 7 meters below sea level. The water surface is 700 km², 1.62% of the country's territory.

Hydrography

The coastline of the country is highly articulated, with a length of more than 8750 km. There is no point in the country whose distance from the sea exceeds 52 km. The area of ​​the country cannot be determined precisely because erosion is constantly shaping the coastline, while at the same time artificially conquering areas from the sea. Jutland southwest coast

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