Narrative poem


October 25, 2021

The narrative poem is a poetic epic genre that is more voluminous than ballad, usually shorter than epic. With other names: poetic narrative, poetic narrative, poetic narrative. A summary name of large-scale epic works in poetic form with different themes, tones and compositions.

Older definition

According to the great lexicon of Pallas at the end of the 19th century: all are poetic narratives that cannot be included under the name of epic, epic, poetic novel, ballad, romance, tale connected with a more definite concept. It is distinguished from the epic by the more specific nature of its worldview and the narrower scope of its framework; in it, as in the novel, the matter revolves around the fate and character of some, but it is also distinguished from the poetic novel by the simplicity of its complexity. What sets the ballad apart is the more epic, more detailed performance. It is usually a work like a prose narrative, but in poetic form. Its scope is above all different. Gold also called Toldi K., while Fülemile also called K. One of the directions of modern K. is what Byron started and Pushkin also cultivated: K. mixed with subjective elements, which can again be lyrical (Gold: Katalin), or humorous (Arany: Bolond Istók, Gyulai: Romhányi), or satirical, etc.


It appeared in Hungary in the 18th century, lived its heyday in the 19th century, and died in the 20th century. The most prominent representatives of the genre in Hungarian literature: Mihály Fazekas, Sándor Petőfi, János Arany, László Arany, József Erdélyi, Gyula Illyés and Ferenc Juhász. In Hungarian literature

Longer lengths

Mihály Fazekas: Matyi Lúdas (1804) Mihály Vörösmarty: Eger (1827), The Two Neighboring Castles (1831) Sándor Petőfi: The Hammer of the Locality (1844), The Knight John (1845), The Apostle (1848) János Arany: The Lost Constitution (1845), Toldi (1846), The Evening of Toldi (1854), Foolish Istók (1850-73) László Arany: The Hero of the Mirrors (1872) (according to other genre categorizations: poetic novel)

They can be classified as medium epics

Mihály Vörösmarty: Cserhalom (1825), Fairy Valley (1826), The South Island (1826) János Garay: The Obsitos (1843)

Modern version

György Varga Domokos: TV on the farm (2015)

In world literature

Milton: Paradise lost (1667) Byron: Childe Harold (1812) (poetic novel) Pushkin: Anyegin (1823-1831) (poetic novel)



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