Human rights


May 21, 2022

Human rights are the rights and freedoms that all people enjoy from birth. These include fundamental civil and political rights, such as the right to life or liberty, freedom of opinion and expression, equality before the law, and economic, social and cultural rights, such as the right to participate freely in cultural life, food, education and right to work. The United Nations General Assembly designated December 10, 1950, as Human Rights Day to commemorate the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948. Historical development of human rights

English development

The granting of the first rights first appeared as a result of the Magna Carta Libertatum issued in 1215 and its renewal in 1225. Four centuries later, the Petition of Rights, published in 1628, protested against the coercive measures and demanded that no one be arrested or imprisoned without a lawful judgment. The 1689 Bill of Rights included the provision of parliamentary rights. 1689 is the year of the birth of the Declaration of Rights, which is still in force in Great Britain.

The United States

The guarantee of fundamental freedoms and the principle of equality have been present in the legal order of the United States since its inception, in the Declaration of Independence adopted in 1776.


In France, the Declaration of Human and Civil Rights, drawn up in August 1789 after the French Revolution, declared for the first time (and ever since) the inviolability of human rights. The document begins with the following basics: “All men are born and remain free and equal in rights; social differences are based solely on usefulness to the community. ”


In Hungary, the protection of human rights picked up after the compromise. In 1878, the principle of personal liberty and inviolability was introduced by amending the Penal Code. In 1895 a law was passed on freedom of religion, and in 1914 on freedom of the press. A II. after World War I, Act I of 1946, the Republic Act, deals with the protection of human rights. The Soviet-type constitution, adopted in 1949, contained the most important freedoms in general. Modern development of human rights Originally, nations tried to declare human rights for themselves, but later the pursuit of internationality emerged. Although this effort declined due to the world wars, it continued even more strongly after their end. The most important points in this process are the 1945 UN Charter and the Rome Convention of 4 November 1950.

The first complete breakthrough

Signed in 2010 by the Federal State of Chiapas, Mexico, and on July 19, 2011, by President Felipe Calderón, the country was the first in the world to incorporate all human rights into its Constitution as a result of the Youth for Human Rights campaign.

More information

Together for Human Rights Young people for human rights

Related article

Universal Declaration of Human Rights