Emmanuel Macron

Article

May 21, 2022

Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron (Amiens, 21 December 1977) is a French politician, the eighth President of the Fifth French Republic and Co-Duke of Andorra since 14 May 2017. Born in Amiens, he studied philosophy at the University of Paris-Nanterre, later graduated in public science from the Institute of Political Studies in Paris, and in 2004 also graduated from the École nationale d'administration. He worked as a senior official at the Treasury and later became an investment banker at a financial institution called Rothschild & Cie Banque. After his election in May 2012, François Hollande appointed Macron as Deputy Secretary General, making Macron one of Hollande's senior advisers. Prime Minister Manuel Valls was later appointed Minister of Economy and Industry in August 2014. As a minister, he has supported a number of business-friendly reforms. In August 2016, he resigned from the ministry and ran for the 2017 presidential election, which he successfully won. Macron was a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to 2009, was independent during his ministry, and then ran in the elections under the banner of the centrist political movement En Marche, which he founded in April 2016. He finished in first place with 24% in the first round of the 2017 presidential election and then 66% in the second round, defeating Marine Le Pent as French president. He appointed Édouard Philippet as prime minister, and a month later in the legislative elections, Macron's party called "La République En Marche!" gained a governing majority in the National Assembly.

Studies

His father, Jean-Michel Macron, is a professor of neurology at Jules Verne University in Picardy, and his mother is Françoise Macron-Noguès, a doctor. Although his two brothers chose to pursue a medical career in addition to his parents, he was not attracted to health care, he was more interested in the humanities than in literature or poetry. This is attributed to the intimate relationship of the former headmaster with his grandmother, who considered knowledge to be his greatest virtue, and planted it in Macron as well: they studied together every day, and the boy who wrote novels as a teenager and felt much better among adults as with his contemporaries.He attended La Providence High School in Amiens. This type of school is taught in France between the ages of 15 and 18. Here he was taught French and Latin by his later wife, Brigitte Trogneux-Auzière, who also led the school’s acting group. The woman was impressed by Macron's talent in literature, who had already fallen in love with her at the time, but after the relationship was revealed, her parents sent her to Paris to complete the final year at the elite Lycée Henri-IV. philosophy and a degree from the DEA (Diplôme d'Études Approfondies), and in 2004 he graduated from the prestigious National University of Public Administration (École nationale d'administration). Administration, bank He then became Superintendent of the General Inspectorate of Finance (Inspection générale des finances), where he worked from 2004 to 2008. Meanwhile, in 2007, he was deputy rapporteur in a bipartisan committee chaired by Jacques Attali, set up at the initiative of then-president Nicolas Sarkozy to propose reforms to boost economic growth. He then became an investment banker at a financial institution called Rothschild & Cie Banque. Political trajectory When François Hollande won the presidential election in May 2012, Macron left the bank and became the economic and financial advisor to the new president. Until June 2014, he also held the position of Deputy Secretary-General of the Élysée Palace. On August 26, 2014, the Netherlands appointed Macron as Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs for the second Valls.