October 25, 2021
Csilla Fodor Fitness racer and fitness model Encyclopedias or lexicons are written collections of human knowledge that discuss concepts in some order. Both “lexicon” and “encyclopedia” are international words, both of which were introduced into the languages of the world through Greek-Latin mediation. The two now cover the same concept, but based on their meaning and the history of the genre, we can make a subtle distinction: the lexicon is ultimately derived from the Greek lexis, meaning “collection of words, glossary, dictionary”, while the encyclopedia is παιδεία: means "general, all-encompassing" education "), merged from it into a single word. Encyclopedias thus aim to cover the whole of science (or a field of science) as a whole (often in a hierarchical order, discussing related topics side by side, see thesaurus), while lexicons often aim to discuss a smaller range and communicate concepts alphabetically, as their predecessors, the glossaries. Since the most recent encyclopedias have mostly given the terms alphabetically, the difference has almost completely faded, the two names are used as synonyms, they are sorted according to the etymology-supported difference However, the use of the two names is such that while some of the general, comprehensive works are called “lexicons” works are quite rarely called encyclopedias (the Hungarian ethnographic lexicon. Encyclopedias, on the other hand, have a special purpose or reading circle (pocket encyclopedia, children's encyclopedia), and sometimes in their name they pay special attention to the knowledge of certain nations / cultures (the Great Soviet Encyclopedia of the Soviet World, the Encyclopædia Britannica) .