The Eurofighter Typhoon (formerly ECA, ACA, EFA, EAP, EF-2000) is a fourth-generation fighter jet set up by four European countries: Britain, Germany, Italy and Spain, to replace the obsolete Panavia Tornado. . The program started in the late 1970s as a German-English collaboration, which France later joined for a while, and then withdrew from the program, developing its own Rafale aircraft of a similar design. Development has been very slow due to budget constraints and the end of the Cold War. In addition to aircraft production, the EADS Group currently conducts intensive marketing activities to sell the aircraft abroad. So far, Austria (15) and Saudi Arabia (72) have ordered the aircraft, and Greece and Turkey are considering regularization.
The 250th aircraft, the two-seater IS038, was handed over to the Italian Air Force on 22 December 2010 at the Pratica di Mare air base, which was classified in the 311 ° Gruppo of the Centro Sperimentale Volo. According to Enzo Casolini, the handed over two hundred and fifty machines show the capabilities of the program, as not a single new generation of fighter bombers has been deployed. BAE Systems has won a tender from developing and manufacturing countries to support Typhoon fleets in four European countries. It has a budget of GBP 446 million and a duration of five years.
The Eurofighter program
In addition to the low radar cross-section and high structural strength, the extremely good maneuverability has been emphasized in the design of the Eurofighter dragon. The structure is made of 85% high quality carbon fiber composites, using as few metal parts as possible.
Wing and guide planes
Delta wing with duck layout
2 Eurojust EJ200 afterburners dual-jet gas turbine engines, an improved version of the previous Rolls-Royce XG-40 engine.
Internal fuel system
Chassis and braking system
Martin-Baker MK-16A with zero / zero capability
Aviation and weapons
ECR-90 Euroradar CAPTOR
Air combat missilesAir bombs
According to BAE Systems, aerial testing of Paveway IV bombs led by Nat Makepeace test pilot with an IPA6 single-seater test aircraft began in early March 2011 at the Aberporth Range in Wales. The series of tests was successful, with the British Department of Defense (MoD) planning to integrate the weapon into Typhoon systems by early 2012.
Maneuvering robotic aircraft
Supplementary fuel system
Reconnaissance and Targeting Containers
Five of the prototypes were single-seated: DA1 (98 + 29), DA2 (ZH588), DA3 (MMX602), DA5 (98 + 30), DA7 (MMX603).
Two of the prototypes were two-seater: DA4 (ZH590) and DA6 (XCE.16-01).
DA (Development aircraft -)
DA2 (United Kingdom)
DA4 (United Kingdom)
IPA (Instrumented Production Aircraft -)
IPA1 (United Kingdom)