Georges Braque (Argenteuil, 13 May 1882 - Paris, 31 August 1963) is a French painter and sculptor. Together with Picasso, the foundations of Cubism were laid.
His father was a room painter, as did his grandfather and worked in the family business, but he could also be heated by higher ambitions, because his landscapes painted on Sundays were sometimes included in Salon exhibitions.
In 1890 his family moved to Le Havre, where Braque attended high school and took special drawing classes. He left high school in 1899 and got a job in his father's workshop. However, this work did not satisfy him, he continued his studies in an evening course and sought employment with room painters who also undertook a higher level of interior decoration.
His departure and development as an artist was not the novel or spectacular departure of the outbursting and heaven-seeking flame, but the sober and sensible steps of a room painter who wanted to rise from his destiny, although he had every reason not to take advantage of the uncertainties future.
The artist's mother (1900-02) c. and his other early portrait experiments left on us stood out with nothing. In addition to the degree of similarity that has been achieved, the brushwork is rudimentary, the more delicate parts are rough and the colors are dark, according to the rules of academism. Their painter only wanted to gain the recognition of those depicted with these images, and perhaps the encouragement of further education from this close family circle.
The era of Fauve
Braque painted fauve landscapes in Antwerp in 1906. But Braque’s painting remained aloof to pure colors. Only the Mediterranean landscape discovered in L’Estaque was able to enliven its palette. When he exhibited six pictures at the Independence Salon in 1907, all of them sold out. Encouraged by the success, he continued to take similar pictures for a while. In 1907, Braque saw Paul Cézanne's exhibition at the Autumn Salon, which set a new direction for his art. In this exhibition, he met Apollinaire, the poet who introduced him to Picasso. Barely two years later, Braque breaks away from the fauvism in which he painted about 20 pictures, which he took full advantage of. By the time he worked at L’Estaque in 1908, he was already composing from geometric shapes. He returned to the path of Cubism.
Famous works from the Fauve era
The Port of Antwerp (1906)
Barges in Collioure (1906)
Port of L'Estaque (1906)
Small barges in Ciotat (1907)
In 1907 he met Pablo Picasso. The development of the art of cubism has been proven to be parallel, although it is far from blood-related. Which of them was the initiator is still hardly decided today. Even if we establish the time advantage of the Misses of Avignon, and if we admit that Braque painted his Great Standing Nude in the spiritual radiation of the former image, we have not yet decided the matter. The young Avignon is by no means a cubist image.
Great Standing Nude (1907) Initially, he also criticized Picasso's Miss Avignon. image and then affected it. The obscure space elements indicate the Picasso effect, if we lay it down, we get a much safer composition. Tradition also played a major role in Braque's work, the image in Giorgione's Venus of Dresden. quotes his image. Nor is it a cubist image, at most so far advanced that it has given up its role of filling the space, splitting attention, bridging the gap between innovation and tradition, and presenting its formal challenge as an exclamation mark to the public in a single form.
But Braque went much further than the Great Standing Nude, and his progress took an independent direction, independent of Picasso. Mondh