May 21, 2022

Dandelion or robe dandelion or folk cherry (Taraxacum officinale) is a perennial species of the dandelion (Taraxacum) genus in the family Asteraceae that is also common in Hungary. It is also often referred to simply as a dandelion. Its Latin name, Taraxacum, is derived from the Greek words arache (disorder) and chemical (cure). Pollen elicits an allergic reaction from those sensitive to it.


There are many names for it. In the work of Éva Vörös we can find the following: lamb's-head, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion . In his book, Erzsébet Fráter publishes the following: dandelion, bubble grass, zucchini, chickpea, pork salad, ewe's milk, dandelion, dandelion, dandelion, honeysuckle flower dandelion. It is also called the milkweed flower, friend's head, and buttercup. In some areas, the name is chickpea (which should not be confused with chickpea). The name dog milk is unfortunate in several respects: In contrast to dandelion, it is a toxic dairy plant.

Habitat, appearance

Dandelion appears in grassy areas, especially in gardens and arable land. Its root is vertical and long, so it is not easy to eradicate. The leaves lying on the ground were split, the columns were serrated (serrated leaf). The hollow stem inside, with the golden-yellow nesting inflorescence at the top, emerges from the dagger rose. Tearing off its leaves and stalks, it gives off a white, bitter-tasting milky juice. Its flying hair core is a favorite toy for children. Its name also derives from children’s toys: its stem flowers are often strung together and worn as a necklace or headdress.


The young leaves before flowering are used to make salads or vegetables. Its roots were used as a coffee substitute, either raw or steamed, or by rapid drying (dried at about 55 ° C) and coarsely ground. Its leaves and roots have been used to treat liver, gallbladder, kidney diseases and joint problems for hundreds of years. The tea made from it is a diuretic and an important component of spring detoxification cures. It is effective against skin problems and cellulite, lowers blood cholesterol, increases appetite, cholecystitis, and laxatives. Fresh flowers are also used to make a syrup called "dandelion honey".

Active ingredients

The digestive system and liver are primarily affected by bitter substances. The substances previously mentioned as taraxacin are in fact the sesquiterpenes of the eudesmanolide and germacranolide type lactones. Dandelion leaves are a rich source of vitamins and minerals: they are high in vitamin A and moderate in vitamin D; in addition, they contain vitamin C, various B vitamins, iron, silicon, magnesium, zinc, and manganese. When using it, care should be taken that sesquiterpene causes an allergic skin reaction in some people.


In a study published in 2012, it was observed that dandelion extract in a glass jar was able to cause cancer cells to commit suicide without damaging healthy cells.



More information

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