November 27, 2021
Thanksgiving is a North American holiday. According to tradition, after the autumn harvest, they give thanks to God for the harvest.
It is held on the fourth Thursday in November in the United States, where it is one of the most important holidays, and on the second Monday in October in Canada.
Thanksgiving in the United States
The story of the first Thanksgiving
The first Thanksgiving in the United States is traditionally celebrated in 1621 on Mayflower aboard the settlers who had fled to Plymouth the previous year from the persecutions of European religions in the New World, about half of whom had fallen victim to cold, starvation, and a strange environment. first winter. The settlers were aided by the Wampanoag Indian tribe in these difficult times, teaching them, among other things, the local fishing and hunting, the cultivation of corn, and the secrets of extracting maple syrup. According to the story, after the abundant autumn harvest, the leader of the 51 surviving settlers, William Bradford, held a grand ceremony to which the Indians were also invited.
Nationwide, George Washington first officially declared Thanksgiving a national holiday in 1789. It became a regular holiday after Abraham Lincoln's proclamation in 1863, first on the last Thursday in November and later, under the direction of Franklin Roosevelt, following a congressional decree, specifying the date. they emerged in the early 1990s when Americans sought to establish a unified national identity in order to heal the wounds of the civil war that divided Americans and facilitate the assimilation of large numbers of immigrants.
Debates on the role of the holiday and its perception
Like Columbus Day, some (mostly Indigenous Indians) believe that Thanksgiving Day can be linked to the celebration of conquest by colonizers and their victories over the natives. For example, the first Thanksgiving holiday (June 15, 1637) officially declared by the Massachusetts State Legislature was demanded by the English colonizers (and their allied Narragansett and Mohegan Indian tribes), claiming a 600-700 pequot Indian sacrifice against a fortress of the Pequot tribe. , was announced after an attack leading to a bloody massacre. Until 1789, several Thanksgiving days associated with similar events were designated. Since Thanksgiving in the 1970s, indigenous and sympathetic activists celebrate National Day of Mourning at Plymouth Rock every year.
The usual celebration of Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving is one of the most important national holidays in the United States. Many Americans also take Fridays following the officially public holiday Thursday. On this four-day weekend, close family members often gather to travel home from afar to celebrate Thanksgiving, which is an indispensable accessory for Thanksgiving dinner.
Traditionally the most important element of dinner, turkey is so intertwined with the holiday that Thanksgiving is sometimes referred to as “Turkey Day” (T-Day).
The festive table also traditionally includes dishes such as turkey stuffing, cranberry sauce, mashed potatoes, green beans and pumpkin pie.
The holiday also marks the start of the Christmas season in the US. On Fridays after Thanksgiving, stores traditionally entice shoppers with very large write-downs, resulting in typically the highest retail turnover on this day.