Helicon community

Article

October 25, 2021

The free writing community of Hungarian writers and poets from Transylvania is known as the Helikon community.

History

At the first meeting in July 1926, the situation of literary life in Transylvania was discussed and a decision was made to establish a writers' working community called Helikon. They called themselves a free working community, often a free writers' parliament, because the group did not seek to represent all Hungarian writers in Transylvania, there was no regular association or company registered by the authority, the so-called legal entity, with approved articles of association, officers. At the time of its formation, János Kemény sent an invitation to 28 writers, and when it ceased to exist, in the fall of 1944, 55 professed to be heliconists. Founding members: Lajos Áprily, Miklós Bánffy, Oszkár Bárd, János Bartalis, Mária Berde, Károly Endre, Irén Gulácsy, Domokos Gyallay, Sándor Hunyady, Sándor Kacsó, Imre Kádár, János Kemény, Károly Kós, Dezső Kovács, Alunc Kunc , Sándor Makkai, Károly Molter, Dániel Nagy, József Nyirő, Lajos Olosz, Sándor Reményik, Domokos Sipos, Mária Szabó, Jenő Szentimrei, István Szombati-Szabó, Géza Tabéry, Áron Tamási, László Tompa. Later István Asztalos, Ferenc Balázs, Károly Császár, Jenő Dsida, Zoltán Finta, László Gagyi, Andor Járosi, Zoltán Jékely, Benő Karácsony, Jenő Kiss, László Kovács, Imre Lakatos, László Makkai, Markovits Rodion, Maksay Albert, Pál Moldován, Iván Ormos, Károly Pakots, László Szabédi, György Szántó, Ferenc Szemlér, László Szenczei, Sándor Tavaszy, Emil Z. Vásárhelyi, Zsigmond Vita and Albert Wass. This free and informal working community only lived in reality when the writers invited by János Kemény visited the castle of Marosvécs for a few days in the summer and discussed current issues of Transylvanian literature and cultural life. Minutes were taken of the deliberations and the decisions of the helicopter gatherings, which were sent to the participants in a typed copy. The Helicon community met every summer until 1939, after the outbreak of World War II they met only once in Târgu Mureş, in 1942, during which time the invited writers met in Cluj-Napoca, also at János Kemény, his home at 6 Múzeum Street, with a drop in number. . No written minutes of these last dissertations, nor of the 1933 meeting, have survived. Despite the separations and debates of the Helicon community, it was the most significant and significant literary grouping of Hungarian writers in Romania between the two world wars. At the time of the first gathering, a certain consolidation had already taken place in Hungarian public life in Romania, and the writers were obviously attracted to the idea of ​​a unified but unrestricted camp, the unifying slogan, the Transylvanian idea or * Transylvaniaism. For the time being, this has proved to be sufficient for a kind of unity, and thus it has become possible for avant-garde people with conservatives, radicals, former emigrants with magnates or even bishops to come side by side at the first meeting. This writer's parliament was the realization of a liberal ideal rather than some kind of people's front coalition, although later, in the late 1930s, during the meeting in Vásárhely, this idea was not far from the Helikon. According to Aladár Kuncz, “perhaps the most cohesive and universal minority group in Europe among intellectual groups, which will one day be called to make purely artistic, pacif

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