November 27, 2021

It was called the Huguenots (Les huguenots) after the Reformation in France from the middle of the 16th century. The name was initially a nickname, they called themselves Réformés (Reformed) or Calvinists. The papal French government mostly referred to them as the religion prétendue réformée (RPR), or “supposedly reformed religion”. They have been called Protestants since the French Revolution.About 1670, about 850,000 of the 16 million French were Huguenots. Between 1670 and 1720, approx. 160,000 refugees abroad; there is no generally accepted estimate for the entire period of persecution (1545–1787). Some of the host countries granted them privileges, elsewhere they had to make compromises or were just tolerated. Refugees have had an economic and cultural impact on the host countries. Among their descendants are a large number of famous people, including Huguenots among the ancestors of the royal houses of the Netherlands, Britain and Prussia.

Origin of the name

The first Protestants in France were Lutherans and were known as religionnaires or christaudins. The origin of the name Huguenots, rooted in the 1560s, is still disputed; One of the most common explanations is that the name probably originated in Geneva, when the Geneva called on one of the allied cantons, the Eidgenossenschaft, the Berne, who had already ) were Reformed and went to the aid of Geneva only on condition that they be allowed to preach the gospel freely and to hold Reformed worship. For the Geneva, the word Eidgenossen, or in other words, Eygenots, meant as much as Reformed. Since later the French Reformers came into close contact with Calvin and the Geneva, who by this time were also members of the Helid Eidgenossenschaft, their enemies called them Huguenots. phantom king glides down the street at night; as the Reformed held their rallies at night, they were nicknamed the Huguenots. The theory that their meetings were held at the gate named after the Count of Hugo's tours also presupposes the origin of their name. its known occurrence is found in a 1551 Périgueux manuscript in which image-destroyers were given the title of the evil Huguenot race. At the National Assembly in Orléans from December 1560 to January 1561, Chancellor Michel de L’Hospital, seeking to restore internal peace to the country, said: “Let us take out these devilish words from our minds: Lutherans, Huguenots, Papists. Let's not change the name "Christian." In 1561 the use of the term was banned, but the ban had no effect.

Their creed

Due to the persecutions, the French Reformers initially failed to maintain permanent congregations, so they did not have a formally accepted creed. The unified doctrines were initially given by Calvin's Institutio, which was also published in French in 1541. The first organized congregations were formed in 1555–1556 in Paris and Lyon. The parishes were led by presbyteries, which were convened by the regional, provincial, and national councils. public

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