II. Isabella (Spanish: Isabel II, known as the traditional queen: Spanish: la Reina Castiza; Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, 10 October 1830 - Paris, French Republic, 9 April 1904), Spanish infantry from the Bourbon House, The Princess of Asturias from her birth in 1830 until her father's death in 1833, and then the Queen of Spain in 1868.
Shortly before his birth, in 1830, his father, VII. King Ferdinand of Spain secured the succession of his daughter in the pragmatica sanctió in the absence of his heir. Finally, after the death of his father in 1833, a month before his third birthday, he ascended the throne with the antiquity of his mother, Queen Mary Christina. However, his succession was disputed by his uncle, the Count of Molina (the founder and namesake of the Karlist group), so as early as 1833 a civil war broke out, followed by three more.
During the reign of Isabella (during her mother’s regency), Spain changed from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. His regression was marked by a series of struggles with his uncle, as well as political intrigue and precarious governance, as evidenced by the sixty different forms of government that took place during Isabella’s twenty-nine-year reign. He was replaced during the glorious revolution of 1868, but was not officially relinquished from the throne until 1870.
The Queen had five children from her marriage to her cousin, Francis de Asís, Duke of Cádiz, including the later 12th century. Alfonz is also the King of Spain. In addition, her husband, Francis, became known for her well-known homosexuality, and the Queen herself for her countless lovers (politicians, military officers, etc.), many of whom her children assume to be their biological father as historians. Isabella died in exile in France in 1904 at the age of seventy-three.
VII. It is the eldest daughter of King Ferdinand of Spain and the daughter of his fourth wife, Mary Christine of Bourbon, Princess of Sicily, King Francis I of Naples and Sicily. His father, with the restoration of the inheritance of the old Castilian throne, which, in the absence of a son, put the daughter of the current ruler ahead of the brother of the ruler in the succession to the throne, nominated his daughter to the throne. This was made possible by the Spanish Pragmatica sanctio, which was established in VII. Ferdinand before the birth of Isabella, 1830.
issued on March 29. The succession of women to the throne was abolished with the accession of the Bourbon House to the throne (1700) and the Thryan Frankish succession to the throne was introduced. According to the latter, VII. Ferdinand's younger brother, Charles, should have followed the king on the throne, who, after the death of his brother, opposed the rule of women and considered himself the king of the law under the name of Charles V. His followers were called karlists. II. Isabella was proclaimed queen at the age of three on September 29, 1833, immediately after her father's death, and her mother, Queen Christina, took over the regency in her name until October 17, 1840. At this time the regent's mother queen was resigned and Baldomero Espartero (1792–1879) became regent in 1843.
he was replaced by Joaquín María López (1798–1855) on July 23, and finally, on November 8, 1843, the Cortes did not declare the 13-year-old queen an adult. On October 16, 1846, on his 16th birthday, he married his first-degree cousin, Francis Bourbon, a homosexual prince of Cádiz, who received the royal title through his marriage but did not become co-ruler. They had a double wedding with their sister, Maria Lujza, who married another of their cousins, one of the sons of King Philip I of France, King Antal of Orléans. II. Five years after several miscarriages, Isabella gave birth to a healthy baby girl in 1851, Princess Isabella