III.

Article

May 21, 2022

VI. Charles (German: Karl, Czech: Karel, Latin: Carolus; Vienna, Habsburg Empire, October 1, 1685 - Vienna, Habsburg Empire, October 20, 1740), Archduke of Austria from the Habsburg House and German-Roman Emperor 1711 and the death of the German, Hungarian and Czech kings in 1740. His other titles include the royal titles of Naples (1707-1735), Sardinia (1708-1720) and Sicily (1720-1735), and the Duke of Parma (1735-1740). Charles was the second adult son of Emperor Lipót I and Eleonóra Magdalene of Palatinate-Neuburg, who succeeded his brother, Emperor Joseph I, to the throne after his death in 1711 without a son. Rokona, II. During the War of Succession following the death of King Charles of Spain, he unsuccessfully claimed the throne of the Spanish Empire. In 1708 he married Krisztina Elizabeth Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, from whom she had four children, only two of whom were adults. In 1723, in the face of his possible death without a son, he adopted the Pragmatica sanctiot, thus securing the reign of his daughter, Maria Theresa. However, after his death in 1740, the Austrian War of Succession broke out, which plagued the reign of his daughter Maria Theresa for eight years. Charles was the last male descendant of the Habsburg House.

Life

Adolescence, upbringing

III. Charles was born in Vienna on October 1, 1685, under the name "Karl Franz Joseph Wenzel Balthasar Johann Anton Ignaz" as the seventh child of the German-Roman emperor Lipót I, king of Hungary and Princess Eleonóra of Palatinate-Neuburg. Four of his siblings have reached adulthood. His only surviving brother was the later King Joseph. Unlike Joseph, Archduke Charles was raised in the Jesuit spirit, as was customary in the Catholic Habsburg family, under the direction of Prince Flórián Antal of Liechtenstein. As a result, he became a zealous religious personality. His father dedicated Charles to the Spanish throne, because there during this period the childless II. Charles ruled and Charles wanted to maintain the rule of the House of Habsburg in the Iberian kingdom.

Fight for the Spanish Crown

II. On the deathbed of Charles XIV. King Louis appointed the grandson of King Anjou of France as his successor. This harmed the interests not only of the Austrian Habsburgs but also of many other European powers and led to war. Britain and the Netherlands supported the Habsburg dynasty for fear of the strengthening of France. Charles proclaimed himself king of Spain in 1703 and traveled to the Kingdom of Spain in 1704. His claim to the throne was supported mainly in Catalonia and Aragon. Charles remained in Spain and married Erzsébet Krisztina in 1708 with the Princess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel. . This significantly strengthened Charles's position, but in 1711 an unexpected turn occurred. After the unexpected death of József, who did not have a heir, Károly was released in October VI. He was elected German-Roman emperor under the name of Charles and was crowned in Frankfurt am Main on 22 December. Thus Charles would have been able to reunite the Habsburg territories, which, in turn, was not in the interests of his British and Dutch allies, and so had to renounce Spain in the peace of 1714. In return, however, he was able to keep the southern German lands (today's Belgium), Naples and Sardinia from the Spanish heritage.

Marriage, children

Charles married Lajos Rudolf on August 1, 1708 in Barcelona