IX.

Article

May 28, 2022

Happy IX. Pius, born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti (Sinigaglia, 13 May 1792 - Rome, 7 February 1878) Roman Pope from 1846 to 1878. The longest reigning and one of the youngest elected archbishops in the history of the papacy.

Childhood and youth

On the shores of the Adriatic Sea lies Sinigaglia (now Senigallia), which dates back to the 18th century. At the end of the 19th century it had a population of ten thousand and belonged to the Papal State. The Mastai family of Lombard origin dates back to the 16th century. He lived here from the 16th century. From the next century onwards, this family boasted the title of Count thanks to the Prince of Marketzena and a double name through a marriage to the Ferretti family of Ancona origin. During the French Revolution and the Napoleonic campaigns, Geronimo Mastai-Ferretti was the mayor of the town. She married Countess Caterina Solozzi, from whom she had four daughters and four sons. The youngest son, Giovanni-Maria-Giovanni-Battista-Pietro-Pellegrino-Isidorio, a future pope, was born on May 13, 1792, and his parents and siblings later called him only Giovanni. He was taught elementary knowledge by his mother and then in 1803 moved to the distant town of Volterra, where he studied at the high school of the Piarists. In 1808, however, he was forced to return to his hometown because of his illness. From 1810 he lived in Rome with one of his uncles. There he continued his studies; he studied philosophy, mathematics, theology, and law. His juvenile epilepsy recurred again, and recovering from it VII. Pius asked for a questioning from Pope and received it. The pope’s words of encouragement helped him make the final decision as he traveled home and announced to his parents that he would become a priest. He returned to Rome at the age of twenty-two and lived in an orphanage called Tatagiovanni. From 1817, although still a priesthood student, he became deputy director of the institute. His health was completely restored and he was ordained a subdeacon on December 18, 1818, a deacon on March 6, 1819, and a sacrificial priest on April 10, 1819. He then became canon of the chapter of the church of Santa Maria in Via Lata, which meant a church position appropriate to his rank. However, he cared little for this and continued his educational and directorial activities until 1823. At this time the Holy See entrusted him with a diplomatic task: he became the uditor of the apostolic nunciature to be held in Chile. The adventurous sea voyage, ravaged by storms and pirate attacks, ended on January 5, 1824, in the port of Buenos Aires, from where the voyage continued on land to Chile, the capital of Chile, for two months. The people of the new republic welcomed them with distrust and even malice, and after two months of tug-of-war, they retreated to Rome. Then Giovanni from the new pope, XII. He received a new appointment from Leo. San Michele became the director of a social institution called Ripa, which simultaneously operated as an orphanage, a correctional facility, a men’s and women’s prison, and a place of concern. The hundreds of people were taken over by the new director in a state of complete chaos, and in a matter of months, it was in order, making people interested in doing the work honestly. One year and eight months was enough to give Giovanni Mastai-Ferreti an assurance of his excellent organizational skills. He was then appointed Archbishop of Spoleto (May 21, 1827) by the Pope.

Papal: 1846–1878

Revolution in the papal state

When the XVI. Pope Gregory passed away on June 1, 1846, and most of the cardinals were convinced that the one-sided, conservative policy of the deceased pope should be relaxed. Therefore, on the second day of the conclave, Cardinal Giovanni Mastai-Feretti, who had a liberal reputation, was elected pope. He took the name Pius (1846–1878). IX. Pius entered the Curonian Spit early and also served in the diplomatic service in Chile (1823–1825).