Freedom of information


May 21, 2022

Freedom of information is a fundamental right to access and disseminate data in the public interest and in the public interest, which promotes democratic control over the exercise of public power and the transparency of public institutions.

History of the development of freedom of information

Absolutism (absolute monarchy) is described in 16-18. It was a typical state structure form in the 16th century. The ruler, with unlimited power, decided to omit the parliament. He was able to do this by basing his independence on his permanent army and official organizations, so that he could enjoy protection both politically and physically. With the decline of absolutism, the need of citizens for change intensified, which was accompanied by a curiosity for information, an Iranian need to know information, and the right to control power, that is, the right to be informed. Civil society has fought for civil and human rights for itself through revolutions. In order to obtain information about the operation of their state, they were able to learn about the data generated in connection with the operation of their state, and it was no longer possible to keep society and citizenship away from it. People's representation and popular sovereignty, which form the basis of democracy, only work well if the privacy of society can remain protected, but the data and information generated in connection with the functioning of the state, especially its spending, can be learned. The English Civil Revolution had a significant impact on the process of strengthening civilization. The Scots rebelled against the introduction of English ecclesiastical ordinances in 1637, with the result that the ruler had to seek the help of parliament in order to defeat the rebels. However, the parliament convened on April 13, 1640, did not vote for this, and instead of the ruler he received an anti-war petition demanding the abolition of absolutism, rights and the practice of religion, and a demand that the ruler appoint his advisers. Outraged by this, the king dissolved the parliament (short parliament) three weeks later and arrested the leaders of the opposition. In the autumn of 1640, out of compulsion, he re-convened the parliament, which provided for the possibility of its own dissolution and the prosecution of the king's advisers. The king's chief advisers were indicted, and Archbishop Laud and Count of Stafford [1] were executed. The Swedish Freedom of the Press Act first contained the Freedom of Information Act of 1766, which allowed citizens to inspect official documents. “The information task of the press cannot be an empty legal declaration, it is the innermost core of press freedom itself. Of course, it would not be absolutely necessary to extend the freedom of information in order for the press to fulfill this obligation. The confusion is primarily terminological and has no practical consequences, but it would be time for conceptual clarification in the areas of "freedom of information", "right to information" and "right to information". In any case, it can be stated that the knowledge, transmission and dissemination of information - so the constitution and the rights explicitly enshrined in the conventions - are not only demanding of the State, but the task of informing can be performed by anyone, not just the press. ” (1789) is one of the fundamental documents of the French Revolution, defining the individual and communal rights of the people. Article XIV of the Declaration states that “Citizens shall have their own person