Islamic

Article

May 19, 2022

Islam (Arabic الإسلام al-islām, pronunciation of al-Islam✩) is an abrahamic, monotheistic religion derived from the common dagger of the ancient Arab polytheism, the Jewish and Christian faiths, who adhered to the Qur’an as the word of Allah (God) and Muhammad as the last and chief prophet. , is considered the “seal of the prophets”. Believers in this world religion are called Muslims or Muslims. Muslims consider Islam to be the first, the only true religion that has existed spiritually since the birth of the world. It is one of the great world religions of the Earth. It is based on the revelations of the word of God (Allah in Arabic) given to his followers in Hijaza at the end of the first third of the 7th century by Muhammad ibn Abdallah ibn Abd al-Muttalib, known as the Prophet Muhammad, and collected by him in the Koran two decades after his death. . After Christianity, with 1.8 billion followers (a quarter of the world’s population), it is the second largest religion in the world. Its main areas of distribution are North Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Malaysia, and the most populous Muslim country, Indonesia. , religion, morality, law and obedience to the rule of law (sharia) governing everyday life. Until modern times, all this was accompanied by the general use of Arabic as a mediating language in religious and scientific life. Under the auspices of Islam, a number of flourishing and advanced state formations emerged in the Middle Ages and the dawn of the New Age, including the Umayyad, Abbasida, the Caliphate of Córdoba and Fatimida, and the Ajyibida, Mameluk, Ottoman, Mughal and Safavid Empires. . The centers of Islamic civilization, such as Cairo, Baghdad, Damascus, Cordoba, or Istanbul in their heyday, were among the largest cities in the world and pioneers of modern and organized metropolitan culture.

Etymology

In the Arabic language, the word Islam is used in the words SZ – L – M. verbal mass. The basic meaning of the word is “submission to the will of God” or “reconciliation in the will of God, reassurance”. The word Islam has only a noun meaning in the languages ​​of the Muslim world, but its use in the Hungarian language also has an adjective meaning (for example, the Islamic world). The word Muslim is also used in the words SZ – L – M. is one of the verb forms. It is an active partotype, meaning “submissive to the will of God”, “reconciling in the will of God”. The Persian and Turkish versions of this, the originally plural figure, the Muslim. As a result of the media, the Muslim, Muslim, and even the completely incorrect form of Mozel, used at most in the Arabic dialect or non-Arabic medium, is spreading. The common name “Mohammedanism” or “Mohammedanism”, which is often used for Islam and Muslims, is incorrect and misleading. In addition, these names offend believers in Islam, as Muslims do not worship Mohammed or any other created being. According to their faith, only God - Allah - can be worshiped. Faith in Allah is the foundation of the Islamic religion, as they believe in the uniqueness and omnipotence of Allah, and it is God alone who must be worshiped and served reverently and can only be approached for help and forgiveness without any mediator or mediator. “Allah is the only one; Allah is the Eternal; He was not born and was not nationalized; And no one can touch it. ” (Quran 112: 1-4) A Muslim is one who “submits himself” to one who surrenders to God, that is, a believer in Islam. Self-determination