Johann Fischer von Waldheim

Article

October 17, 2021

Johann Gotthelf Fischer von Waldheim, in Russian: Grigory Ivanovich Fiser von Waldgejm (Григорий Иванович Фишер фон Вальдгейм) (October 13, 1771 - October 18, 1853) German anatomist, entomologist and paleontologist. In zoological works, the abbreviation is called “Fischer de Waldheim.”, Fischer von Waldheim, G. Fischer, or Fischer alone. Life and work Fischer Gotthilf was born Fischer in Waldheim, Saxony. Fischer was the son of a linen maker. He studied medicine in Leipzig. He traveled with his friend Alexander von Humboldt to Vienna and Paris, where he studied under Georges Cuvier. He worked as a teacher in Mainz, then in 1804 he was invited to Moscow State University, where he became a senior professor in the Department of Natural History, along with the director of the Natural History Museum donated to the university by Pavel Gyemidov. In August 1805, he established a scientific organization called the Tsarist Moscow Society of Naturalists. Fischer's main occupation was the taxonomic classification of invertebrates, which is why he composed his work "Entomographia Imperii Rossici" between 1820-1851. He spent most of his time studying fossils found around Moscow. Out of gratitude for systematizing Russia’s insects, the Russian government gave Gotthilf Fischer a noble rank, as well as the right to have “von Waldheim” at the end of its name.

Part of his writings

Versuch über die Schwimmblase der Fische, Leipzig, 1795 Mémoire pour servir d'introduction à un ouvrage sur la respiration des animaux, Paris, 1798 J. Ingenhousz is based on the introduction of plants and fruiting bodies on the English side and with the addition of Gotthelf Fischer. It is not possible to perform a study on the field of plant physiology from F. A. von Humboldt, Leipzig, 1798 New form of Intermaxillarknochens in verschiedenen Thieren, Leipzig, 1800 Description of the typographic design. Nebuträgen zur Erfindungsgeschichte der Buchdruckerkunst, Mainz und Nürnberg, 1800 Naturhistorische Fragmente, Frankfurt am Main, 1801 Description of typographic design and characterization Essentials of Typographic Monuments by Jean Gutenberg, Mayençais, Inventory of the Primary, Mainz, 1801/1802 Das Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, 1802 Introduction to the study of anatomy, deutsche Übersetzung der Vorlesungen Georges Cuviers, Braunschweig, 1801–1802 Lettre au citoyen E. Geoffroy ... sur une nouvelle espèce de Loris: a complement to the description d'un craniomètre de nouvelle invention, Mainz, 1804 Anatomy of the Maki and the whole of Thiere, Frankfurt am Main, 1804 Tableaux synoptiques de zoognosie, 1805 Museum Demidoff, ou catalog systématique et raisonné des curiosités etc. donnés a l'université de Moscou par Paul de Demidoff, Moskau, 1806 Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de l'université im Imperialle de Moscou, 1806 Notices sur les fossiles de Moscou, 1809–1811 Notices d'un animal fossil de Siberia, 1811 Onomasticon du Système d'Oryctognoise, 1811 Zoognosia tabulis synopticis illustrata, in usum prälectionum Academiae Imperialis Medico-Chirurgicae Mosquentis edita, Moskau, 1813 Observations of the Dippères de Russie, 1813 Essai sur la Turquoise et sur la Calaite, Moscow, 1816 Adversaria zoologica, 1817–1823 Entomographie de la Russie, Moscow, 1820–1851 Prodromus Petromatognosiae animalium systematicae, continens bibliographiam animalium fossilium, Moscow 1829–1832 Oryctographie du gouvernement de Moscou, 1830–1837 Bibliographia Palaeonthologica Animalium Systematica, Moscow,

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