Miklós Kállay (politician)

Article

January 20, 2022

Dr. Miklós Kállay Nagykálló (Nyíregyháza, January 23, 1887 - New York, January 14, 1967) is a Hungarian politician, Minister of Agriculture from 1932 to 1935, then Prime Minister of Hungary from 1942–44, and until 1943 also loaded. In March 1944, he was removed from office by the German occupation.

Family

He was born as a descendant of the ancient Kállay family from Nagykálló, a commoner. His father, András Kállay (1839–1921) from Nagykálló, the chief lord of Szabolcs County, a landowner who, together with his relative, Lipót Kállay, had a total of 1492 Hungarian cadastral moons in Napkoron; his mother was Vilma Csuha (1848–1922) from Devil Village. His paternal grandparents were György Kállay (1811–1886), a landowner and Mária Tarnóczy (1815) from Alsólelóczi and Jezernicz.

Marriages and descendants

In Nyíregyháza, on August 1, 1914, he married his first wife, Helena Kállay (Nagykálló, May 1, 1894 – February 7, 1945) in Nagykálló, whose parents were Rudolf Kállay (1853–1920) and Malvin Dobóczky from Dubovec. –1839). The brother of Helén Kállay, Tibor Kállay, the later Minister of Finance. It came from the covenant of Miklós Kállay and Helén Kállay: dr. Kristóf Kállay (1916–2006) diplomat, Vatican ambassador, knight of Malta dr. Miklós Kállay (1918–1996) agricultural expert, Maltese knight András Kállay (1919–1995), lieutenant-general of Malta, knight of Malta. February 5), whose parents were Endre Fényes (1854–1922) from Csokaly and Ilona Abonyi (1860–1936) from Alpár and Mezőcsát. Career

Until your appointment

He graduated from the Lutheran High School of the Augustinian Creed in Nyíregyháza, then from the Royal Catholic University High School in Budapest, then studied in Geneva, Dresden and Paris, and finally obtained his doctorate in law in Budapest in 1910. He was first a slave judge in Kisvárda, then from 1920 for two years he was the chief slave judge of the Nagykálló district, and from 1922 to 1929 he was the chief lord of Szabolcs and Ung counties. In 1922, he inherited the farm in Kállósemjén, where he started farming, expanding his agricultural knowledge through self-education. Even then, in the first steps, but years later, Vilmos Westsik, the excellent agricultural scientist, constantly helped with his advice. Miklós Kállay has held various political positions since 1929. In the government of István Bethlen, he represented the Ministry of Commerce in the 1931/32 budget negotiations as Secretary of State for Trade instead of the absent Minister. Between 1932 and 1935, in the cabinet of the Minister of Agriculture, Gyula Gömbös, the settlement of farmers' debts, the Forest Act and the Maid Law were attributed to Kállay. With the radicalization of Gömbös' policy, he resigned from the government, then Miklós Horthy was appointed a member of the Upper House, and shortly afterwards, in 1937, he was appointed president of the then Royal Hungarian Irrigation Office. At the head of the office, he developed and launched a long-term program aimed at solving water management by sewing the Trans-Tisza areas. For example, the Békésszentandrás dam was built during his presidency, which made it possible to start large-scale rice production in Hungary. Between 1929 and 1935, he was a member of parliament (in the Kemecsa constituency) with a non-partisan program between the United Party and the National Unity Party. After his orbital death, he returned to the ruling party, but was just a good bar to work

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