Republic of China

Article

January 27, 2022

The Republic of China (中華民國, Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, better known as Chunghua Minkuo) is located on the island of Taiwan in the Pacific (台灣) and is located on a few smaller islands, about a year off the coast of mainland China. 200 km southeast. Its political status is controversial, as it considers Taiwan to be a province of the People’s Republic of China, but the Republic of China considers itself an independent state. The government of the Republic of China also administers the island of Taiwan, Penghu, Qinmen, and the Macu Islands and other smaller islands. Its neighbors are China to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The Republic of China was officially established on January 1, 1912, following the Wuchang Uprising (Wuchang Uprising) on ​​October 10, 1911. Until 1949, mainland China and Outer Mongolia were also part of it. Between 1915 and 1928, the country was ravaged by wars of warlords, between 1937 and 1945 by the Japanese occupation, and between 1927 and 1949 by civil war, as a result of which central power was weakened and then collapsed. Between 1927 and 1937, the central power was strongest under the rule of the Kuomintang. In 1945, at the end of World War II, the Republic of China took over the archipelago of Taiwan and Penghu from the Empire of Japan. After the civil war, the Communists took power over mainland China in 1949, and later Hainan, Dachen and other islands were annexed to the country, with the Kuomintang only in Taiwan, Penghu, Qinmen and some others. he steered on a smaller island. The Kuomintang (Guomindang) made Taipei a temporary capital. In mainland China, the Communist Party established the People’s Republic of China based in Beijing. Until the 1970s, many countries and international organizations recognized the Republic of China as the legitimate government of China and Taiwan. The Republic of China was a founding member of the United Nations and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council until 1971, when it was deprived of its membership by the United Nations by Decree No. 2758 and instead recognized the People's Republic of China as a legitimate representative. also confirmed in). The People's Republic of China (PRC) does not recognize the Republic of China as an independent state. The proclamation of the Republic of Taiwan (i.e. the renaming of the Republic of China) could even lead to military retaliation on the part of the PRC. The PRC refuses to maintain diplomatic relations with countries that recognize the Republic of China, so there are only 15 countries in the world that recognize it as an independent state, the other countries have informal relations with it. Taiwan is a member of the World Trade Organization and APEC; It is considered one of the ‘Asian tigers’ due to its developed economy and has the 26th largest economy in the world.

Names

The official name of the state is the Republic of China, but throughout its history it has been known by many other names. After its inception in 1912, while the state was located on the Asian continent, China used the name China (Zhongguo), for example, at the Olympics or at the United Nations. In the 1950s and 60s, he often referred to himself as a Nationalist China, as opposed to mainland Communist China. It was also referred to as Free China. He was a member of the United Nations under the name China until 1971, when the People's Republic of China took his place in the organization. Since then, the name China has been used exclusively for the People's Republic of China. It is often referred to simply as Taiwan, as much of its territory is an island in Taiwan. This name is mostly used by countries that do not officially recognize the Republic of China

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