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May 19, 2022

Canada (English and French Canada, pronounced English [ˈkænədə], French [Canada]) is an independent monarchy over much of the North American continent. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and extends to the Arctic Ocean in the north. Bordered by the United States to the south and northwest, the border between the two countries is the longest unprotected border in the world. Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia. The land occupied by Canada today has been inhabited for thousands of years by various groups of indigenous peoples. In the late 16th century, the British and French embarked on exploratory journeys into the area, which were later followed by settlement on the Atlantic coast. In 1763, after a seven-year war to take possession of the lands west of the coast, France lost almost all of its North American colonies. In 1867, Canada was formed by a confederation of three British colonies, a four-province, federally organized dominion. This marked the beginning of the process of invading the new provinces and territories and gaining greater autonomy vis-à-vis the United Kingdom, culminating in the Westminster Statute of 1931, which repealed the Canada Act 1982, which abolished residual legal dependence on the British Parliament. is over. Canada is a federation of ten provinces and three territories with Ottawa as its capital. Based on its political system, parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, the current head of state II. Elizabeth. Canada is officially a bilingual and multicultural state, and English and French are official languages, both at the federal level and in the province of New Brunswick. As a technologically advanced industrial nation, Canada’s economy is highly diversified and heavily dependent on abundant natural resources as well as trade, especially with the United States, with which the country has a long and complex relationship. Thanks to fossil fuels and hydropower, the country is self-sufficient in energy. Canada is a member of the G8 and G20, NATO, the OECD, the WTO, the Commonwealth, Francophonie, the OAS, APEC and the United Nations.

Origin of the country name

The name Canada (English and French Canada; pronounced in English [ˈkænədə], French: [canada]) is derived from the Iroquois kanata word spoken at the St. Lawrence River, meaning “village”. In 1535, the natives of the present-day city of Québec used the word to guide Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, to the village of Stadacona. Cartier later used the word Canada not only to refer to the village, but also to the entire territory dominated by Donnacona (the tribal chief of Stadacona); European books and maps began to refer to this area as Canada in 1545. From the beginning of the 17th century, the area of ​​New France along the St. Lawrence River and the northern shores of the Great Lakes was called Canada, which later became two British colonies, Upper Canada and They were divided into Lower Canada, which was reunited in 1841 as the Province of Canada. After the creation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867, the country's official name became Canada and its address became a dominance; thus, the combined name Dominion of Canada was used until the 1950s. After Canada expressed its political independence from Britain, the federal government increasingly began to use the term plain Canada on state documents and treaties; this change was marked by the renaming of the national holiday, Dominion Day, to Canada Day in 1982. Geography and climate