January 21, 2022

Christianity (often Christianity in the terminology of Protestant believers in Hungary) is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, death, resurrection, and teachings of Jesus Christ, as enshrined in the New Testament and as explained by individual denominations. With more than two billion believers, it is the most widespread religion in the world. Together with the Jewish and Islamic religions, it belongs to the Abrahamic religions. Christianity is based on the Old Testament and the lives and teachings of John the Baptist, Jesus Christ, and their first followers described in the New Testament. Christians profess to be monotheists, and except for a few denominations, they also profess that the One God exists in the three persons (hypostasis) (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) who make up the Trinity as the inseparable essence of God (oussia). According to the faith of Christians, Jesus is the Messiah (Anointed One) prophesied by the Old Testament prophecies, also known as Christ, the Savior of mankind from damnation. Jesus is considered by the majority Christian faith to be the Son of God, the Savior of God, who is God and man in one person, without mixing. Christianity is made up of a number of cultural practices that vary from culture to culture and a number of denominations of different faiths. The Christian denominations that have developed over the past two millennia can be grouped into several major sectors: the Orthodox, Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, and Trinity-denying churches and communities.


The Hebrew Mosiah (משיח), meaning Messiah, means: Anointed One. The translation of the word Messiah from Old Hebrew to Ancient Greek is derived from the noun Christos (Χριστός). Hence the Greek term Christiania (Χριστιανος) and the Latin Christianus, meaning “follower of Christ,” “Christian”. The medieval Hungarian form of the word was Kiristian, Kiristian, and then Christian. However, from the 17th century onwards, the Christian figure became widespread in the Catholic Church because of its easier pronouncement, and was then connected to the word cross. Most Hungarian Protestants still use the Christian form today, but more and more New Protestants now claim to be Christians, knowing that the same word is used old and new. Today we use these two terms side by side, Christian is clearly the technical word for traditional Protestant churches. According to Dr. András Szalai, a Methodist theologian and language teacher, the head of the Apology Research Center, whether a person uses the word Christian or Christian depends on their denominational culture, age and individual choice. Choice is a matter of habit.


The history of Christianity, according to Christians and traditional historiography, began with the performance of Jesus. The history of the early Christian church also began at this time. According to Roman Catholic tradition, Jesus himself appointed Peter the head of the future church, according to which Peter became the predecessor of the first Roman bishop, the later popes. (The papacy in today's sense dates back to the early Middle Ages. See the history of the papacy) At the same time as Peter, the apostle Paul converted the way for the mass Christianization of non-Jews in the 1st century. The age of persecution of the church ended in the early 4th century, following the action of the Roman emperor Constantine I, and soon in the Roman Empire it became a state church and the merger of the state and the church began.

Christians in the world

The figures given here represent the number of baptisms according to the churches' own records and non-believers. 2 billion (n�

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