London

Article

May 19, 2022

London is the capital of the United Kingdom and within England, the largest urban area in the United Kingdom; It is the most populous city in Europe after Istanbul and Moscow. It is located in the London Basin, on both banks of the River Thames. Its history goes all the way back to the founding Romans, who called the city Londinium. Memories of the Middle Ages are preserved around the City of London in the heart of the city, around which present-day London is built. London is one of the world’s leading global cities, according to a 2014 survey by Forbes, the most influential in the world. The city is one of the centers of commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, health, research and development, tourism and transport, not just in the UK. London is also the largest financial center in the world, next to New York, and the fifth largest GDP city in the world (first in Europe). London is one of the most visited cities in the world, with approx. It is chosen as a destination by 27 million tourists and London Heathrow Airport is the busiest airport in the world. There are 43 universities in London, making it the city with the most universities in Europe. Here are the highest real estate prices in the world. The Summer Olympics were held in London in 2012, and London and Athens hosted the Olympics three times. London is home to a wide variety of ethnic groups, cultures and religions. 300 languages ​​are spoken in the city alone. At the 2009 census, Greater London had a population of 9,675,567, making it the most populous city in the European Union until 2020. The London agglomeration is estimated at between 12 and 14 million people. The city was the most populous city in the world between 1831 and 1925. There are several World Heritage Sites in London. These include the Tower of London, Kew Gardens, the Palace of Westminster and Abbey of Westminster, as well as Greenwich, which is famous for its observatory, and the fact that the ‘Greenwich South’ passes through it, which is the time zone and longitude. the traditional basis for calculating circles. Other famous sights of the city include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Tower Bridge, Piccadilly Circus, Trafalgar Square, St Paul’s Cathedral and Wembley Stadium. London is home to a number of notable museums, galleries, libraries and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, the National Gallery and more than forty theaters. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world and the second largest in the world after the Shanghai Underground Network.

Geography

Location

Today, we usually call the whole city, also known as Greater London, which consists of the city center (City) and thirty-two boroughs of London, with an area of ​​1579 km². Historically, the name refers to the City of London, from which today’s city grew. Between 1889 and 1965, it also applied to the former County of London, which is identical to what is now Inner London. Coordinates of central London (Charing Cross): é. s. 51 ° 30 ′ N h. 0 ° 08′51.5, -0.13333333333333. The ancient Romans marked the center of the city of Londinium with the London stone. It is 1670 km from Budapest. London is a port city on the banks of the River Thames, and the river has had a major impact on its development. It was founded on the north coast and for hundreds of years a single bridge, the London Bridge, led through it. Because of this, the city center was on the north shore for a long time. When several bridges were built in the 18th century, the city began to expand at a greater pace in the surrounding flat and slightly hilly countryside. Because of this, London became roughly circular. The Thames used to be a much wider and shallower river than it is today, but then its banks