Macbeth (film, 1971)
Macbeth (The Tragedy of Macbeth) is a colorful Anglo-American historical film drama presented in 1971. Roman Polański’s work is one of the best-known film versions of William Shakespeare’s historically not entirely authentic royal drama, written between 1603 and 1606, whose naturalism was particularly shocking and controversial at the time of the premiere. Filming lasted from November 1970 to April 1971. In addition to Polański’s film, several other film versions of “Avon’s Ax” have been made over the decades by renowned directors such as Orson Welles, Kurosaava Akira and Béla Tarr.
Three witches appear in a rain-soaked, uninhabited wilderness. A small pit is dug into the ground, into which, among other things, a rope loop and a severed human forearm are placed, with a dagger in hand. They bury the hole, pouring blood from a small vial while saying magic words. Then they move on and disappear into the fog. The landscape will soon be the scene of a bloody battle. The battle ends with the victory of the men of Macbeth and his loyal friend Banquo. King Duncan happily welcomes the news of victory. One of the nobles, Ross, learns of the betrayal of Cawdor’s Thai. The ruler orders the execution of the traitor and elevates Macbeth to Thani rank. The waist soldier has no idea of royal grace yet, just in the company of Banquo, dusting his horse when the three witches get in their way in the pouring rain. The pickers greet Macbeth as Cawdor’s Thane, who will soon be king. Friends don’t take flattering words seriously, yet Banquo also wants to hear a prediction about him. The witches respond, “You’ll be smaller than Macbeth and bigger. Not so lucky, yet happier. You give birth to kings, though you are not. ” Then the devil's maids disappear in such a way that the two good friends almost think they were just imagining it. In Macbeth's mind, however, the prophecy evokes ambitious thoughts. But how could he be Cawdor’s Than, let alone king, since the Than is still alive? Ross, Duncan's man, arrives soon with the news of Macbeth's appointment. The new Thai thinks that if the first half of the prophecy has already been fulfilled, why should the other half not be true? The sober-minded Banquo warns his friend that the unexpected appointment may also arouse desires in him for the throne, but Macbeth refutes the assumption. Though this thought is really racing in his mind, he decides to do nothing to make the second half of the prophecy come true, just let things happen to him.
Lady Macbeth receives a letter from her husband. The woman learns of this mysterious prophecy and that the first half of it has already been fulfilled, as Duncan has elevated the faithful Macbeth to the rank of Cawdor’s Thane. Lady Macbeth fears that her ambitious husband lacks the evil needed to achieve the goal, preferring to win fairly. The woman vows that she will induce her lord to deed. The opportunity will come soon. Duncan warmly welcomes Macbeth and Banquo, and as another royal grace, announces his visit to the new Thai castle. However, Macbeth's heart is filled with bitterness, as Duncan also lets those present that he is appointing his son, Malcolm, as his heir and prince of Cumberland. Another obstacle on the road to the throne! Macbeth returns home with news of the king's impending visit: they don't have much time, Duncan will be visiting them that day. Lady Macbeth asks when the monarch will leave. "Tomorrow, you plan," Macbeth replies. The woman states the secret desire of the two of them, "Oh, never see Sun that tomorrow." Lady Macbeth asks her husband to let her do the trick