Madagascar

Article

January 27, 2022

Madagascar (formerly the Republic of Malgas, Malgasul: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, French: République de Madagascar) is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of the African continent. The island of Madagascar covers an area of ​​587,041 square kilometers and is the fourth largest island in the world. The country also has a number of smaller islands. Madagascar separated from the ancient continent of Gondwana and its African part early on, and wildlife then developed in isolation. 90 percent of the species that live here are endemic. Researchers have long believed that Madagascar in the i. e. It was settled between 200 and 500 peoples from the island of Borneo and later from the Bantu people who settled in Mozambique. Modern genetic research, in turn, has populated the i. s. They put it around 800 times. The population formed through local ethnogenesis from various sources is called Malgas. Subsequent immigrants, Arabs, Indians, Chinese, and Europeans (primarily the French) have played and continue to play a significant role in the country’s culture. In the 19th century, during the Franco-Where War, France annexed Madagascar, abolishing the country's sovereignty and exiting the French members of the Merina monarchy to Algeria. After the defeat of France in World War II, Madagascar came under the control of the Vichy government. Fearing that the Japanese would set up a submarine base in Madagascar, British troops occupied the island for free French in six months. In 1947, an uprising broke out against French colonial rule, in which more than 90,000 people lost their lives. After the uprising was suppressed, the French introduced reforms. Only on June 26, 1960, the proclamation of an independent state called the Republic of Malgas came. Since 1992, the name of the state is the Republic of Madagascar, the state form of the parliamentary republic is the capital of Antananarivo. In 2011, the country’s population is estimated at nearly 22 million people, and nearly 90 percent of that lives on less than two dollars a day. The language of the indigenous population of Madagascar, Malgas belongs to the Australian language family. The other official language is French. The majority of the population adheres to traditions and beliefs as well as religion, which is Christianity in the vast majority of the country. The government has set the development of ecotourism, agriculture, education and health, as well as the expansion of international trade, as strategic developments.

History

Archaeological finds suggest that Madagascar i. e. It was populated between 200 and 500 when peoples sailed on catamarans from Southeast Asia, presumably Borneo or the island of Sulawesi. At the same time, or shortly after, Bantu settlers came across the Mozambique Channel. The written history of the country begins in the 7th century, when Muslim merchants settled on the northwest coast and began to write Malagasy in Arabic (sorabe). The trade relations of the medieval tribal chiefs reached East Africa, the Middle East, and India. Large tribal chiefs dominated a considerable area of ​​the island. According to 21st century genetic and mitochondrial research, however, the indigenous Malgas population can be traced back to 28 native Americans and two African “ancestors” who i. s. They were able to arrive on the island around 800 (in a group with the men, of course). The Portuguese name is 'Sāo Lourenço' (Saint Lawrence)

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