Hungarian scientific Academy

Article

October 25, 2021

The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (abbreviated: MTA) is a public scientific body in Hungary, whose main task is to cultivate science, disseminate the results of science, and represent Hungarian science. Until 2019, it also had the important task of supporting scientific research.

History

Founding

In addition to his long-standing country-improving intentions, his secret love, Countess Zichy's intent to impress Cresence, also played a role in making her offering. An 1849 diary entry wrote, “In my mind was his seduction. He resisted physically, but I embraced his soul because he loved me the most in the whole world. In order to win all the way, I stepped into the field of patriotism, I didn't know more than 24 words in Hungarian, it was bad, but I acted as an opposition on the magnate, and I offered 60,000 forints to know what, I didn't really know, but it became a Hungarian academy of linguistics . ”[3] Already in the second half of the 1700s, Mátyás Bél, a Lutheran pastor and polyhistor, came to the idea of ​​founding a Hungarian scientific society. A few decades later, in 1781, György Bessenyei put his own idea on paper. The Scientific Committee of the Parliament of 1791 included in its program the establishment of a Hungarian Academy of Sciences in addition to the Military and Fine Arts Academy, but the implementation of the plans eventually lagged behind in the first three decades of Francis I's reign. At the Parliament of Bratislava in 1825 (at the district meeting of ambassadors on November 2 and 3), the idea of ​​this was revived again. Already at the first meeting, on November 2, the ambassador of Sáros County Máriássy spoke about the need to set up a Hungarian scientific institute. The next day, November 3, 1825, Paul the Great of Felsőbük gave a particularly inflammatory speech in which he rose fiercely against the distorted lords who neglected the interests of our nation and language. Then Count István Széchenyi made a fateful, memorable offering. Although Széchenyi belonged to the upper table, he was seated at the meeting of ambassadors in the lower house at that time. After his speech in Felsőbük, to the surprise of those present, Széchenyi unexpectedly asked for the floor and in his speech he offered the one-year income of his estates, 60,000 forints, for the establishment of a Hungarian Society of Scientists. The establishment of the company was supported by other nobles with significant sums, and even more than Széchenyi: Sina Simon (80,000), Prince Fülöp Batthyány (50,000), Count György Károlyi (40,000) and more. Soon palatine József 10,000 József Teleki - the later first president of the Society - contributed to the establishment of the Academy with his family library. On November 8, 1825, Széchenyi, Károlyi, Andrássy and Vay had already submitted their written offer to the palatine, the lower and upper panels, and on November 21, the floor plan of the building of the scientific society to be formed. Palatine József appointed a committee to discuss the floor plan, and Széchenyi also took an active part in it. On August 18, 1827, the work of the committee, thanks in no small part to the persistent lobbying work of Palatine Joseph, also won the royal consecration. The foundation was enshrined in law. In this article of law, the parliament declared the establishment of the company.

Getting Started

It began its actual operation in 1830 as the Hungarian Society of Scientists, after the ruler accepted the statutes. At the election meeting of the Board of Directors on November 17, 1830, József Teleki elected his first chairman, István Széchenyi, as his second chairman, Gö Döbrentei, as his chairman.

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