November 29, 2021
Hungarian is a member of the Uralic language family, one of the Finno-Ugric languages. Its closest relatives are the Manysi and Khanty languages, followed by Udmurt, Komi, Mari and Mordvin. There are opinions that the Moldavian Csango language is an independent language - especially its northern, medieval version - so it would be the closest relative language of Hungary. Although Hungarian and international linguistics (including the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) within it: Finno-Ugric), this is disputed by several people and they try to support their position with various theories (see also: Alternative theories about the kinship of the Hungarian language). Most speakers of the Hungarian language live in Hungary. Apart from Hungary, they are mainly spoken in the other countries of the Carpathian Basin: Romania (mainly Transylvania), Slovakia, Serbia (Vojvodina), Ukraine (Transcarpathia), Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. Hungarian has been the official language of Hungary since 1836 (based on Act III of 1836) and the exclusive official language of the country since 1844 (based on Act II of 1844). It is one of the official languages of the European Union. In addition, Hungarian is one of the official languages in Vojvodina and three villages in Slovenia (Dobronak, Őrhodos and Lendava). The rights of minority languages were last regulated in 2011. The Hungarian sign language was made official in November 2009, effective from July 2010. Hungarian is ranked 62nd among the world's languages in terms of the number of native speakers. It is the 14th most widely spoken language in Europe and the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language. The Hungarian agglutinating language. The Hungarian writing system is an extended version of the Latin alphabet. Number of speakers The number of native Hungarian speakers in the world is estimated at 15 million. Nearly 13 million Hungarian-speaking people live in the European Union, of which 12.5 million live in the Carpathian Basin. In other European countries, including Israel, there are an estimated 500,000 Hungarian-speaking native speakers outside Europe, of whom 1.8 million are on the American continent (USA: 1.4 million, Canada: 315,000, South America: 100 million). -120 thousand), Australia and Oceania: 65-70 thousand, Asia: approx. 30 thousand, Africa: 10-30 thousand, but not everyone uses Hungarian in their homes. Another 2 million speak Hungarian as a second language, mainly in the countries of the Carpathian Basin. The number of Hungarian-speaking Hungarians in Hungary was 10.3 million in 1970 and 10.64 million in 1980; 5.9 million in 1970 and 6.07 million in 1980; there were 16.2 million in the world in 1970 and 16.71 million in 1980. According to the last census in historical Hungary in 1910, 12 million people spoke Hungarian.