October 28, 2021
Hungary is a state in Central Europe, in the middle of the Carpathian Basin, which has been a parliamentary republic since 1989. It is bordered on the north by Slovakia, on the northeast by Ukraine, on the east and southeast by Romania, on the south by Serbia and Croatia, on the southwest by Slovenia and on the west by Austria. It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometers and has a population of almost ten million, making it one of the medium- and medium-population Member States of the European Union. Its official language is Hungarian, which is the largest of the Uralic language families. Its capital and most populous city is Budapest, which is a world city. Hungary's current borders are roughly the same as those set out in the 1920 Trianon Peace Treaty, which ended the First World War. As a result, the country has lost 71 percent of its territory and 58 percent of its population. Between the two world wars, a number of governments were formed, including a communist government, after the fall and dissolution of which two political leaders were formed, serving different interests in both directions. Hungary entered the Second World War in the hope of revision under the Horthy government and in the interests of the Szálasi government, but did not achieve a lasting breakthrough despite the successful struggles and heavy losses, and the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty formed the borders of today. After World War II, the country entered the occupation zone of the Soviet Union. Until the change of regime, Hungary has been at the center of world politics twice: first in connection with the 1956 revolution and secondly in connection with the 1989 pan-European picnic. Higher education has a tuition fee, but it can also be used free of charge with a scholarship. Hungary's positions in international rankings can be said to be particularly favorable: according to the quality of life index, it is the 38th best quality of life country in the world, 20th in the Good Country Index (which does not take into account the conditions within the given country), 26th inequality-adjusted. in the ranking of human development, 30th according to the Social Development Index, in 2018 it is the 33rd most innovative country in the world according to the Global Innovation Index survey, and according to the 2017 report of the Global Peace Index it is the 15th safest country in the world. In 2019, Hungary is a moderately corrupt country in the world, while in the European Union it is one of the most corrupt on a par with Romania. Transparency International scored 44 points in 2019 in its Corruption Perceptions Index of 180 countries, placing the country in 70th place. According to the data, corruption in Hungary intensified during the 2010s. In terms of press freedom, it consistently slipped down the international rankings during the 2010s, ranking 89th among countries in the world in Reporters Without Borders ’2020 report. The 2020 Rule of Law Report in Brussels revealed a number of problems. The country is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the World Bank and the United Nations, part of the Schengen area and one of the founders of the so-called Visegrad Cooperation Organization. Hungary is the 10th most popular tourist destination in Europe, in 2015 16.3 million foreign tourists visited the country. The country is home to the world’s largest thermal water supply, the world’s second largest thermal lake, the largest lake in Central Europe, and the largest grassy plain in Central Europe.