Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Iranian Shah
Mohammad Reza Sah Pahlavi - Persian محمد رضا پهلوی; - (Tehran, 26 October 1919 - Cairo, 27 July 1980) The last shah of Persia (Iran) (from 26 September 1941 to de facto 26 January 1979) was the child of the seizing Reza Pahlavi. As a young man, he ascended the throne after the resignation of his father, and growing up, he showed unconditional friendship between America and Israel during the Cold War. Through its secular policies against Iranian Islamic civilization and its flawed, wasteful economic decisions, its dictatorial regime has produced an increasingly serious opposition that overthrew it in 1979 as part of the Iranian revolution. He had to flee his homeland and died in emigration not long after.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born as a child of the later shah (then only a Cossack commander in Persia) then named Reza Han and his second wife, Taj ol-Moluk (1896–1982). His father had ten siblings from four wives, the longest of whom were twin sisters, Princess Asraf (until 2016) and half-sister, Golám Reza (until 2017).
His father carried out a coup d'état in 1921, and the National Assembly declared him shah in 1925 instead of Ahmad shah, who had emigrated from 1923; from the coronation on April 25, 1926, the young Mohammad was called the Nezam (Crown Prince).
The heir to the throne, who received a strict upbringing, studied at the Le Rosey Institute in Switzerland from 1931 to 1935, and on his return he visited the military academy in Tehran until 1938. Reza Pahlavi originally remained neutral in World War II, but was known to be German-friendly. From 1936 onwards, serious economic and political relations were established on the basis of a “common Aryan origin,” with plenty of German specialists and agents operating in the country; even the trans-Iranian railway was built with their help. After the German attack on the Soviet Union, Operation Barbarossa, it was feared that the country with a serious oil treasure might side with Adolf Hitler, so in a joint Anglo-Soviet operation, the Allies occupied Iran in late August 1941. Reza Pahlavi, after swearing in parliament by his son (Majles), resigned on September 26, and the British interned him first in Mauritius and then in South Africa, where he died in 1944.
In the shadow of the allies
The young Mohammad Reza, who was entitled "The Light of the Aryans" (Aryamehr - آریامهر), had little say in the course of the war, although on 29 January 1942 he signed a treaty with the British in control of the Persian Gulf. and with the Soviets occupying the northern countryside to respect the independence of the country, in exchange for free access to all its resources for its own defense. Iran played a key role in providing the Soviets with supplies - between 1941 and 1945, about a third of the aid came from here to the Soviet Union. The Allied chief leaders, Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, met in November 1943 at the Tehran Conference.
Unlike the British who withdrew in 1945, the Soviets who supported the local communist movement, Tud, did the same only under pressure from the United Nations in 1946, but even then only by establishing two small, short-lived puppet states in northwestern Iran: 1945 with Tabriz headquarters. was created by the so-called. Azerbaijani People's Government (1945-1946) and the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad (1946-1947). However, in the absence of Russian support, they collapsed quickly.
From World War II to the fall of Moszaddeg
The young and inexperienced Mohammad Reza Sahra, left alone, was not an easy task. His father's oeuvre