The summer truffle (Tuber aestivum) is a species belonging to the Pezizales order of the Pezizomycetes class, within the Tuberaceae family.
Among the edible truffles, the summer truffle is a less valuable species. Its more or less spherical fruiting body is covered by pyramidal black warts, on average the size of a walnut, but the size of a hazelnut, and sometimes even larger. Inside the mushroom, the hard gray-brown flesh is veined with white. Its characteristic smell is reminiscent of boiled corn, with a delicious nutty taste.
A species living under beech and oak trees. It is widespread in Central and Southern Europe and southern Scandinavia. It usually lives 10-30 centimeters underground, so it is not easy to find.
It is not easy for someone who wants to find the truffle without help. Of course, there are tell-tale signs: fruiting bodies attract fungus gnats, their presence betrays the truffle hiding in the soil. In some cases, the grass above the truffle colony burns out in a large area. It can be a clue that the fungus cracks the soil as it grows, and these cracks become visible when the soil is dug up. Other times, small flies or wildebeests indicate the fungus.
Better results can be achieved with helpers. The traditional, voluntary tracker is the pig. There is no need to teach or discipline him, because he loves truffles. This is also the biggest disadvantage, because you want to eat the mushrooms you find yourself. As a result, conflicts often occur between the pig and its owner. The pig usually gets the short end of the stick here, but not always. Mushroom pickers who work with pigs are often missing a finger or two. The dog, on the other hand, is not interested in truffles, it has to be taught. The Vizsla is used for searching: it searches well, but at heart it would rather hunt. The labrador has less of a hunting instinct, his attention is diverted at most by mouse holes.
Summer truffles on the website of the Miskolc Mushroom Association (MIGE).