Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden, full name Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic letters: أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن; Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, March 10, 1957 - Abbottabad, Pakistan, May 2, 2011) Saudi Arabian militant Islamist, one of the founders of the al-Qaeda terrorist organization.
He initially fought against the Soviet Union during the invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 with the support of the United States of America, then after the American aggression he turned against the West and in 1996 and 1998 called on Muslims in his fatwas to kill US citizens and its allies until then. civilians and soldiers from countries until they withdraw their support from Israel and withdraw from the Islamic countries they have occupied. As the leader of al-Qaida, he is credited with numerous terrorist attacks. He was behind the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, which claimed 2,995 lives.
On May 2, 2011, a US Navy commando unit raided and killed him at his home in Pakistan.
Osama bin Laden is believed to have participated in the 1998 bombings of the American embassy in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Nairobi (Kenya). He was also on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, for which he took responsibility, made him really famous. At that time, he was also the number one suspect in the terrorist attack in Nairobi. His name first came to the attention of the media during the Clinton administration, at Secretary of State Madeleine Albright's 1999 press conference.
On May 2, 2011, bin Laden was killed in an attack on a hideout in Pakistan. US President Barack Obama said it was the most significant event in the fight against al-Qaeda so far. Obama said: In August 2010, he was informed that Osama bin Laden was believed to be on the trail, who, according to intelligence reports, was hiding in a facility in Pakistan. They planned the operation, monitored the hideout for months, and then Obama authorized the elimination of the target.
Osama bin Laden was born in 1957 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. His father, Muhammad bin Laden, was a construction magnate who immigrated from Yemen in the 1930s, and his mother, Allia Ganem, was a woman of Syrian descent, one of Muhammad's several wives. The family had fifty-five children - twenty-two boys and thirty-three girls - Oszá was the 18th child. Muhammad bin Laden died in a plane crash on September 3, 1967, and the former poor farmer left about 300 million dollars - out of his multi-billion dollar fortune - to the ten-year-old Osama bin Laden. Osama bin Laden could never use his share of the wealth completely freely, because it remained part of the Laden empire after his accounts were frozen and his Saudi citizenship revoked in 1994. He did not receive a particularly deep religious education and was never deprived. However, he had extreme beliefs about religion already in his teens, he became a member of an Islamist organization at the age of sixteen.
As soon as he got the chance, the boy traveled to Dresden and began studying engineering at university (due to the war in Afghanistan, however, he never finished his studies, even though he was only one semester short of graduating). In 1973, he took over the management of the family construction business, and in the process began building relationships with various extremist Muslim groups. He himself married six women (of which he divorced the second and fifth) - the first