Paris

Article

August 13, 2022

Paris (French: Paris, Latin: Lutetia, or the later neo-Latin Lutetia Parisiorum) is the capital of France. It is located in the north of the country, on the banks of the Seine River, in the heart of the Île-de-France region (or Région Parisienne). Paris is one of the most populous cities in Europe. Its estimated population, excluding its suburbs, was 2,167,944 in January 2006, but with its agglomerations, the population of the Paris "unité urbaine" (urban area) was more than 9 million in 2005, while the Paris "aire urbaine" (capital area) had 12 million inhabitants counted. Having played an important role for two millennia, Paris is still one of the world's leading economic and cultural centers, and its influence on politics, education, the entertainment industry, the press, fashion, science and the arts has made it one of the four most important cities in the world. The Région Parisienne is the most developed area of ​​France, the center of its economy: in 2006, it accounted for a quarter of France's gross domestic product with 500.8 billion euros. 38 of the world's 500 most important companies are based in one of Paris' many business districts. Important international organizations such as UNESCO, OECD, ESA and ICC are also headquartered in Paris. Paris is the most popular tourist destination in the world, with more than 30 million visitors a year. According to the 2011 ranking of the Economist Intelligence Unit, it is the 16th most livable city in the world.

History

See also: History of Paris, Chronology of Paris The most significant archaeological research took place in the 12th arrondissement, where in 1991 a large number of finds were found, including the earliest evidence of permanent human habitation. During the excavations in the Bercy area, an i. e. Traces of a hunting village that survived from 4200 were discovered with a large amount of grave goods (including wooden pies, clay vessels, bows, arrows and other objects made of stone and bone). Between the prehistoric settlement and the Gallo-Roman era, the history of Paris plunges into complete obscurity. All that is known is that the Parisian tribe, a branch of the Celtic Senones, ruled the area when Julius Caesar's armies occupied the country. The most accepted view i. e. 250 and i. e. He places the founding of the city around 200, but the exact date is unknown. One can only speculate about the location of the city. Previously, the location of the Gallic settlement was thought to be on the island of Cité, but all finds there were destroyed during the construction of the subway. According to other assumptions, the city could have been on St. Louis Island, but it could also have been located opposite it - on today's left bank. The latest, often disputed hypothesis places the ancient settlement on Mount Valérien. I. e. From 52, after the Gallic governor Labienus occupied the city, it was named Lutetia (Gallicized as Lutèce), and the role of the capital was clearly assigned to Lugdunum Sequanorum (today's Lyon). The i. e. 1st century Roman city on the left bank of the Seine, more precisely in the area bounded by today's boulevard Saint-Germaine, Val-de-Grâce and Rue Descartes, it extended to the Luxembourg Gardens. Its center lay next to today's Rue Saint-Jacques. The city was equipped with the facilities of a Roman country town, with a theater, palaces, baths, a forum and an amphitheater. Traces of the cemetery were found south of the city. Paris took its current name in the 4th century from the Parisian tribe (plural: Parisii) that once lived there. In 508, after his victory over the Romans, Clovis moved the center of his empire here. From the 6th century, a cultic place was also known in the city on the site of today's Saint-Gervais church. In the 8th century, against the attack of the Vikings, a fortress system was built around the Cité island, which was also extended to the right bank of the Seine in the 9th century, to protect the churches of Saint-Gervais and Saint-Germain-l'Auxerroi