The Pelješac Bridge (Croatian: Most Pelješac) is a cable-stayed bridge on the A1 highway, bypassing the sea exit in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Neum), which leads to Dubrovnik by road on the territory of Croatia. The highway bridge connects Komarna with Ston by touching the Pelješac peninsula.
The borders of Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina were settled by the second Yugoslavia organized on a federal basis, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, founded on January 31, 1946. When Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina became independent in 1991 and Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992, this border designation became a national border, and the possibility of free passage between the inland areas of the Croatian coast ceased, as Neum, which is part of the Bosnian administration, was wedged into this route.
In 1996, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia signed the Neum Agreement, in which Croatia was granted unimpeded passage through Neum, but the agreement was not approved, so border controls remained.
In 1997, the Prefect of Dubrovnik-Neretva County, Ivan Šprlje, on behalf of the Croatian Social Democratic Party (SDP), publicly proposed the construction of the bridge. The Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) initially rejected the idea, but already supported it in 1998. In 2000, the bridge was included in the regional development plan, and the first construction plans were completed.
The cost of the bridge project has increased compared to initial estimates. In November 2005, the preparatory project, the design, started. During the construction of the bridge, the requests of Bosnia-Herzegovina were also met, so the plans were modified, which was concluded by the agreement of the two parties in December 2006.
The tender plan was completed in May 2007. On June 11, 2007, Hrvatske ceste, Croatia's public road management company, announced the public procurement procedure. The list of bidders was published on August 28, 2007: Constructor, Viaduct, Hidroelektra (Croatia); Dywidag (Germany); Strabag, Alpine Bau (Austria); Cimola (Italy); Eiffel (France). According to the tender, construction work was to begin in the fall of 2007 and the contractor was expected to complete the project within four years. The construction costs were then estimated at 1.9 billion kunas, nearly 260 million euros. The financing would have been provided by loans provided by Croatian companies and European investment banks.
On September 14, 2007, the Ministry of Construction announced that the / Viadukt / HIDROELEKTRA Consortium was the winning contractor. Construction work on the north and south sides began on October 24, 2007, and underwater work began in the fall of 2008.
In July 2009, due to the economic crisis and financing difficulties, the handover of the bridge was estimated for 2015, with much slower construction, and then in 2010, the increasingly slow work was temporarily stopped due to financial problems. On May 17, 2012, the Social Democratic government - which had already criticized the plan in the opposition - canceled the contract with the Konstruktor-Inženjering, Viadukt and Hidroelektra niskogradnja consortium. The project has stopped indefinitely.
After Croatia joined the EU on July 1, 2013, a solution had to be found due to the traffic problems and the corridor road. Earlier, it was suggested that instead of a bridge, the cars should be transported to the peninsula by ferries, or that a tunnel should be drilled instead. With this solution, the settlement of Neum on the coast would have fared the worst, since transit tourism would have ceased. At the same time, with the country's membership in the European Union and its future accession to the Schengen Agreement, security issues also had to be resolved. According to medium-term alternatives, transit cars