August 13, 2022

Prague (Czech Praha, [ˈpraɦa], pronounced✩ German Prag, Latin: Praga) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic, the 13th largest city in the European Union. Located on the banks of the Vltava, Prague is home to around 1.3 million people, while the capital agglomeration has an estimated 2.7 million inhabitants. The city has a temperate oceanic climate with relatively warm summers and cold winters. Prague is one of the political, cultural and economic centers of Central Europe, with a rich history. Founded in the Roman era and flourishing in the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque eras, Prague is the capital of the Czech Kingdom, and several German-Roman emperors, mainly IV. It was the main residence of Károly (1346–1378). It was an important city for the Habsburg Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The city played an important role in the Czech and Protestant Reformations, the Thirty Years' War and 20th century history as the capital of Czechoslovakia during the World Wars and the post-war communist era. Prague is home to many famous cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th century Europe. Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with Astronomical Clock, Jewish Quarter, Petřín Hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, Prague's extensive historic center has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List. There are more than ten museums in the city, as well as numerous theaters, galleries, cinemas and other cultural institutions. An extensive, modern public transport system connects the city districts with each other. It is home to many public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe. As of 2017, the city welcomed more than 8.5 million international visitors annually, making it the fifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Rome and Istanbul. The name "Golden Prague" probably comes from the time of Czech King Charles I and Holy Roman Emperor (known as Charles IV) (1347-78), when the towers of Prague Castle were coated with gold. According to another theory, Prague was created during World War II, which encouraged the activities of alchemists and goldsmiths. It was named "gold" during the reign of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf.


It is located in the middle of Europe and at the same time in the Czech Republic, on two banks of the Vltava, about 600 km from the Baltic Sea, 700 km from the North Sea and 700 km from the Adriatic. It is close to other Central European cities: Vienna is 300 km from Prague, Bratislava 320 km, Berlin 350 km, Budapest 530 km, Warsaw 630 km, Copenhagen 750 km. Built on nine hills, the Vltava River meanders for 31 km, which is 330 m wide at its widest point. Its branches embrace many islands. It is said to have received its name from the roaring (Czech: práh) through which the water flowed with a great roar. It belongs to the Central European time zone (UTC + 1), which is the same as that of Hungary.


The climate of the city is temperate humid continental. There are four distinct seasons.


Traces of human settlement have been found in the area of ​​today's Prague since the Stone Age, and the area around the city has been inhabited almost continuously since then. Celtic buoys i. e. They settled in the Vltava valley around 500; it was from them that the country got the name Bohemia, which is still used today. In the southern part of today's city i. e. They found the remains of their settlement that stood around 200 years ago. The area was Between 9 and 6 it was conquered by the Germanic Marcomanni, and the Celts were gradually displaced. During the Migration Period, after the migration of the Huns and Longobards i. s. Slavic ethnic groups (Czechs, Dudlebes, Lučans, etc.) appeared in the region around 500, but