Gedeon Ráday (writer)

Article

August 14, 2022

Count Rádai Gedeon Ráday (Ludány (Alsóludány), October 1, 1713 – Pécel, August 6, 1792) was a Hungarian poet, literary translator and politician. He is the preparer of the Hungarian Enlightenment, one of its leading figures. "... not only one of the most outstanding minds of his time, but also one of the protagonists in the background of the history of Hungarian poetry."

Biography

Your parents

His mother was Klára Kajaly (1690-1741), his father was Pál Ráday (1677-1733). His father II. He was chancellor of Ferenc Rákóczi. He was one of the best religious poets of his time, and his psalms were sung in Protestant churches for a long time. He prepared the final version of the famous Brezna manifesto beginning with Recrudescunt inclytae gentis Hungarae vulnera. Ráday carried out the preparations for the 1705 Szécsény parliament, the 1706 Huszt diet, and in 1707 the Marosvásárhely and Ónod parliaments, formulated the prince's propositions, and represented the prince's position at the meetings. From 1707, the prince appointed him the head of the Transylvanian Chancellery, and from 1709 even the War Chancellery. From 1703, he was the chief thirtieth of the mining towns and the auditor of the Noble Society founded in the fall of 1707. After the fall of Rákóczi, he retired to his estate in Pest County and spent the rest of his life reading and collecting books. He laid the foundations for his son's later, nationally renowned library.

His life

Even as a child, the young Ráday proved to be very intelligent, he liked the world of books and science, and his father greatly helped him to learn about them. At the age of 17, he studied Protestant theology, philosophy, history, antiquities, logic, church history, poetics and rhetoric in Bratislava and then in Berlin, French language, drawing and dance in private lessons. In 1732-1733 he studied law at the University of Frankfurt. In 1733, due to the death of his father, he interrupted his studies and returned home. He was 20 years old at the time. In addition to farming on the family estate, he devoted his entire life to the flourishing of Hungarian culture. At the age of 27, he married Katalin Szentpétery, who also had a great interest in reading and education. After that, he built his castle in Pécel, in which the library occupied an important place. He actively participated in the public life of the county as well as in religious and political struggles. In 1741, he took part in the coronation of Mária Theresa as a parliamentary representative of the County of Pest-Pilis-Solt. Later, he was the representative of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County in the Parliament of 1764. In 1772, the young Ferenc Kazinczy met him in Sárospatak, who later visited him often. In 1782 II. Together with his son József, his barons, in 1790 II. He elevated Lipó to the rank of count. Gedeon, inheriting his father's love for Hungarian books, continued diligently to acquire for his library not only the old centuries, but also the new and enlightened domestic literature of his own time, as well as the beautiful and valuable editions of foreign book production, he strove to satisfy his encyclopedic interest with books representing all disciplines. . Collecting Ráday through students studying abroad in Basel, Zurich, Utrecht, Leyden and Oder-Frankfurt; through his agent in Leipzig, Leipzig, Dresden, Gotha and other cities in Saxony joined his collection circle. Gideon continued to procure books through pastors, professors, agents and students. Although independent of the purchasers, he was in contact with several traders from Vienna, Bratislava and Pest. He negotiated with them himself, either in person or through letters. He organized a network of book buyers in Hungary. From the point of view of the growth of the library, the role of Pest in the seventies of the century e